Uttar Pradesh 2021 General Knowledge at a Glance (Main Points)

uttar pradesh general knowledge
India's largest state by population is Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow is the administrative capital of Uttar Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh is the judicial capital Allahabad. Let us know important general knowledge on Uttar Pradesh according to all government examinations.

Governor: Anandiben Patel (Since 2019)
Chief minister: Yogi Adityanath (BJP)
Area : 2,40,928 sq km
Capital: Lucknow
Date of Formation: 15 August 1947 United province; 26 January 1950, Uttar Pradesh state [Unit 1956; Part (A)]
Neighbouring States: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Country: Nepal.
Population: 199,581,477
Males: 104,596,415; Females : 94,985,062; Sex-ration : 908; Density : 828; Decadal growth : 20.09%; Literacy : 118,423,805, (t69.72%, m79.42%, f59.26%)
District: 75

Main Towns:
Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur, Varanasi, Aligarh, Gorakhpur, Agra, Jhansi, Saharanpur, Etawah, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Noida, Rae Bareli, Faizabad. Sarnat, Mathura.

Geography: (a) Rivers: Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Ghagra, Ramganga, Betwa; (b) Mountains: Lower hills of Shiwalik range, Kaimur range- (c) Plains: Gangetic Plain, Rohilkhand Plain, Avadh Plain. (d) Wildlife Dudhwa Nat Park, Corbett Nat. Park. Sanctuaries-Kedarnath, Govind and Chilla.
Economy : (a) Minerals : Limestone, magnesite, coal, rock phosphate, dolomite, silicasand, pyrophyllite; (b) Industries; Edible oils, paper, cement, aluminium, railway equipment, industrial chemicals, Handloom, etc. (c) Agricultural Products : Wheat, rice maize, barley, gram sugarcane, potatoes, pulses and oilseeds.

Transport and Communications: (a) Road Length : 1,31969 km. NH-3794 km, SH-8449km, District Rd.-119726km; (b) Main Railway Stations: Lucknow (main junction), Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Mughalsarai, Jhansi, Moradabad, Varanasi, Tundla, Gorakhpur, Gonda, Faizabad, Bareilly, and Sitapur; (c) Airports. Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi, Bareilly, Hindon (Ghaziabad), Gorakhpur, Sarsawa. Fursatganj (Rae-Bareilly)

Culture: (A) Dances : Kathak; (b) Festivals : Kumbh Mela, Ardh Kumbh, Kartik Pooranmasi, Dewa Sharief (place of wans Ali Shah-Barabanki); (c) Fair : Jhoola fair - of dolls (Mathura, Vrindavan Ayodya (a), Bateswar cattle fair; (d) Crafts : silk saree and brocade (Banarasi silk), chikankari hand stiched design, zardosi work, metalware, woodcarving, woodwork inlaid with brassware on black sheesham, marbleware, glasswork, glaze pottery, etc.

Legislature: Bicameral
Judicature: High Court at Allahabad with a bench at Lucknow.
Principal Languages: Hindi and Urdu
Location: [Latitude 24°-31°N & Longitude 77°–84°E]
U.P. is bounded by Uttarakhand and Nepal in North, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattishgarh in South, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi in west and Bihar and Jharkhand in the east.

History: Its history goes back to the Vedic Age. To great epics, the Ramayan and the Mahabharta were born and flourished here. Two great religions–Jainism and Buddhism flourished here. In the medieval age, great Muslim kingdoms were established here. It was the epicenter of the Revolt of 1857. The British initially called it the united provinces of Agra and Ayodhya.  In 1935 the names were shortened to ‘‘United provinces.’’ After Independence, the states of Rampur, Banaras and Tehri-Garhwal were merged with the united provinces. The name was changed to Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The Western and North-Western area was carved out as a new state a November 9, 2000, called Uttarakhand.
Lok Sabha members from U.P. : 80
Rajya Sabha members from U.P. : 31
State Bird: Sarns Crane
State Animal: Swamp deer
State Flower: Palash
State Tree: Ashok
Main Rivers: Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Ramganga and Ghaghara.
Cultivable Area : 2,41,70,403 hectare (82.1% of total geographical area)
Grass Cropped Area: 255.24 Lakh hectare
Net Sown Area : 1,65,73,478 hectare
Total Forest Area (2011) : 16,583 sq km (6.88% total area)
Reserved Forest : 70.31%

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