List of Biosphere reserves in India : Biosphere reserves in India is the important part of India general knowledge. On which the questions like 'Total number of Biosphere reserves in India – 18'etc are being asked. All the questions are also very useful and important for the examinations conducted by the others state governments and central government. he World Network of Biosphere Reserves of the MAB Programme consists of a dynamic and interactive network of sites of excellence.
There are 651 biosphere reserves in 120 countries, including 15 transboundary sites. They are distributed as follows:
67 in 28 countries in Africa
28 in 11 countries in the Arab States
137 in 24 countries in Asia and the Pacific
297 in 36 countries in Europe and North America
122 in 21 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean
List of 18 Biosphere Reserves in India –
1. Nilgiri(Area : 5520 Km2)
Date of Location : 1.8.1986
Location : Part of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani hills in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.
2. Nanda Devi (Area : 5860.69 Km2)
Date of Location : 18.1.1988
Location : Part of Chamoli, Pithoragarh and Almora districts in Uttarakhand.
3. Nokrek (Area : 820 Km2)
Date of Location : 1. 9.1988
Location : Part of East, West and South Garo Hill districts in Meghalaya.
4. Manas (Area : 2837 Km2)
Date of Location : 14.3.1989
Location : Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamprup and Darang districts in Assam.
5. Sunderbans (Area : 9630 Km2)
Date of Location : 29.3.1989
Location : Part of delta of Ganges & Brahamaputra river system in West Bengal.
6. Gulf of Mannar (Area : 10500 Km2)
Date of Location : 18.2.1989
Location : Indian part of Gulf of Mannar extending from Rameswaram island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu.
7. Great Nicobar (Area : 885 Km2)
Date of Location : 6.1.1989
Location : Southernmost island of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
8. Similipal (Area : 4374 Km2)
Date of Location : 21.6.1994
Location : Part of Mayurbhanj district in Odisha.
9. Dibru-Saikhova (Area : 765 Km2)
Date of Location : 28.7.1997
Location : Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts in Assam.
10. Dehang-Dibang (Area : 5111.5 Km2)
Date of Location : 2.9.1998
Location : Part of Upper Siang, West Siang and Dibang Valley districts in Arunachal Pradesh.
11. Pachmarhi (Area : 4981.72 Km2)
Date of Location : 3.3.1999
Location : Part of Betul, Hoshangabad and Chhindwara districts in Madhya Pradesh.
12. Kanchenjunga (Area : 2619.92 Km2)
Date of Location : 7.2.2000
Location : Part of North and West districts in Sikkim.
13. Agasthyamalai (Area : 3500.36 Km2)
Date of Location : 12.11.2001
Location : Part of Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts in Tamil Nadu and Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanmthitta districts in Kerala.
14. Achanakmar-Amarkantak (Area : 3,835. 51 Km2)
Date of Location : 30.3.2005
Location : Part of Anuppur and Dindori districts of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur district of Chattisgarh.
15. Kachchh (Area : 12,454 Km2)
Date of Location : 29.1.2008
Location : Part of Kachchh, Rajkot, Surendranagar and Patan districts in Gujarat.
16. Cold Desert (Area : 7,770 Km2)
Date of Location : 28.8.2009
Location : Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal & Sarchu; and Kibber Wildlife sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh.
17. Seshachalam (Area : 4755.997 Km2)
Date of Location : 20.9.2010
Location : Seshachalam hill ranges in Eastern Ghats encompassing part of Chittoor and Kadapa districts in Andhra Pradesh.
18. Panna (Area : 2998.98 Km2)
Date of Location : 25.8.2011
Location : Part of Panna and Chhattarpur districts in Madhya Pradesh