Andaman and Nicobar Islands General Knowledge (GK)


The history of the Andaman and Nicobar starts from the Ramayana period. In the Ramayana period it was called as Handuman. As time passes away this place was renamed. In the 1st century this place was called Agadaemon Angademan according to Ptolemy. Arab travellers visited the place in 9th century. Marco Polo visited this place in 13th century who described this place as Angamanian or the land of head hunters.

Official Name :
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Principal Languages : Hindi, Nicobarese, Bengali, Tamil, Malyalam, Telugu
Total Population (2011) : 380,581
Males Population (2011) : 202,871
Females Population (2011) : 177,710
Location : Bay of Bengal
Longitude : 92° to 94° East
Latitude : 6° to 14° North
Total Area : 8249 sq. km
Andaman District : 3106 sq. km
Density of Population : 43 per sq. km
Sex Ratio : 846 females per 1000 males
Decadal Growth of Population (1991-2001) : 26.90%
Nicobar Islands North and Middle : 1841 sq. km
Andaman : 3302 sq. km
Urban Area : 16.64 sq. km
Rural Area : 8232.36 sq. km
Total Length of Andaman Islands : 467km
Maximum Width of Andaman Islands : 52km
Average Width of Andaman Islands : 24km
Total Length of Nicobar Islands : 259km
Maximum Width of Nicobar Islands : 58km
Biggest Inhabitant Island in Andaman Group : Middle Andaman Island
Biggest Inhabitant Island in Nicobar Group : Great Nicobar Island
Smallest Inhabitant Island in Andaman Group : 0.3 sq. km
Smallest Inhabitant Island in Nicobar : Pilomillow Island

Districts (3)
North and Middle Andaman (Headquarters - Mayabunder)
South Andaman (Headquarters - Port Blair)
Nicobar (Headquarters - Car Nicobar)
Highest Peak in Andaman Islands : Saddle Peak
Highest Peak in Nicobar Islands : Mount Thullier
Sub-Divisions : 6
Tehsils : 9
Towns : 3
CD Blocks : 5
Lok Sabha Seat : 1
Municipal Council : 1
Municipal Ward : 18
Panchayat : 67
Panchayat Samiti : 7
Zila Parishad : 1
Revenue Villages : 204
Census Villages : 547
Inhabited Villages : 501
Uninhabited Villages : 46
Inhabited Islands : 38
Total Population (as per 2001 census) : 3,56,152
Male : 1,92,972
Female : 1,63,180
Rural Population : 2,39,954
Urban Population : 1,16,198
Literacy Rate : 65.15%
Male Literacy Rate : 71.07%
Female Literacy Rate : 76.09%
Total Number of Islands in Andaman & Nicobar Islands : 572 islands
State Bird : Andaman Wood Pigeon
State Animal : Dugong (sea mammal)
State Tree : Andaman Padauk

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