History of Kohima
Kohima is named after wild flowering plant Kewhi. Britishers were not able to pronounce the name Kewhima or Kewhira; hence they named it as Kohima. From 1840 British ruled this area, after trying for four decades to conquer it. Kohima was the first modern administration in Naga Hill district in 1879. On 1st December 1963, Nagaland became the full fledged state in India, with Kohima as its capital.
Geography of Kohima
Kohima is located on the north of Japfu Barail Intersection. It has an average elevation of 1444 meters and it is spreads in 20 sq kms. Saramathi is the highest peak in the city with approximately 3850 meters. Kohima is surrounded by Manipur, Wokham, Zunheboto and Dimapur in South, North, East and West respectively. Kohima has humid subtropical climate with hot and rainy summers and cool winters. Dhansiri, Dikhu, Doyang and Zungki are the four main rivers flowing in the city.
Government and Administration of Kohima
Kohima Municipal Corporation is responsibility for the civic adminstration of the city and was formed in 2005. Gauhati High Court has a bench at Kohima, which take cares of Jurisdiction in the state. Nagaland Lok Sabha constituency is the only Lok Sabha in the Northeastern state of India.
Language and Culture of Kohima
Kohima consists of tribes and sub tribes which are residing from the city from inception. People in Kohima are still preserving the original traditions and customs. Different forms of dance are the important part of the culture. Naga dance form demands male dancer to wear attractive cloths and attractive and then dance in closed circles. Some of the different dance forms of the city are Zeliang dance, Cock dance, Fly dance, Cricket dance, Bear dance. Spears, shield, dao are carried by the dancer while performing dance. People are very fond of traditional music, music of the city; represent the richness of its culture. Some of the Naga music forms are Heliamleu, Hereileu, Neuleu. Kohima people eat food which is boiled with less oil and species with more meat and herbs.
Educational Institutes in Kohima
Nagaland University is located in Kohima. 47 colleges are afflicated to it and around 20000 students are studying in it. State has a good literacy rate because of the development in the educational system. Kohima law college, Kohima College, Nagaland College of Teacher Education, National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology are some of the famous colleges in the city.
Transport Facilities in Kohima
Nearest airport to the city is Dimapur airport, which is domestically well connected. It is 74 kms away from the city. Nearest railway station is Dismapur railway station. A railway line was proposed to Kohima in 2009; due to some issues was delayed and finally got approval in 2013. National Highways 2 and 29 are passing through the city. Kohima is well connected by road to other major cities.
Tourism in Kohima
Kohima museum displays the tribal culture of Nagaland. Japfu peak standing at 3048 meters is the second highest peak in Nagaland, which is famous for trekking. Kohima zoo is the house of Tragopan, MIthun as well as many animals. Dzukou valley is known as “The valley of eternal charm” is a beautiful place and good for trekking. Dzelekie stream is famous for making rare species of rainbow trout. One will get an illusion that it is flowing underground as it makes way through deep gorges.
Festivals Celebrated in Kohima
Ngada festival is celebrated in the end of November by Rengmas tribe to rejoice the end of agriculture year. Moatsu is celebrated for 3 days in the month of May, after sowing has ended. Hornbill Festival is a cultural festival of music, dance, art, food in the month of December. It is celebrated for a week to exhibit the talents of local people. Zeliang is celebrated in the months of February and October.