Here are some quick facts reflecting about the pollution in India.
● India was the third largest emitter of carbon dioxide in 2009 at 1.65 Gt per year, after China (6.9 Gt per year) and the US (5.2 Gt per year).
● The growing industrialization is leading lots of environmental issues by its uncontrolled polluted emission.
● Vehicles contribute up to 35% of air pollution in the big cities of India like Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai.
● Wood-fuel in rural areas for cooking and millions of old diesel engines burning diesel also adds to pollution level.
● The permissible limit for industrial pollution is 20 and 10 according to WHO standards. In India it is found to be 60 and 40.
● Several industries in India are marked as highly polluting like Cement, Chlor Alkali, Copper smelter, Fertilizer, Iron, Steel, Oil refinery, Petrochemicals, Pharma, and Zinc smelter industries.
● Lots of rivers in India which are vastly polluted due to lack of management by government.
● Around 29001 million litres of liquid dirt are produced daily in India whenever there have a capacity of 6001 million litres per day.
● Organic waste, sediment, mineral, nutrient, toxic chemical are found in these rivers.
● Hydrocarbon gases, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and greenhouse gases which are harmful, found in polluted air.
● During 2009, the issue of Uranium poisoning in the state of Punjab came into light.
● This incident leads too many birth defects in children in the Faridkot and Bhatinda districts of Punjab.
● India is experiencing a growing toxic pollution caused by ‘Endosulfan’ pesticide. It is banned over the world but not India.
● Metro cities are already experiencing the blend of smoke and fog i.e., sfog which is not a good sign.
● Diwali, Marriages and other frequent celebrations add much more to the air, land, water and noise pollution.