List of all 46 Ramsar Sites in India State Wise UPSC Notes

ramsar sites in india

• Any wetland site which is listed under the Ramsar Convention that intends to preserve it and advance sustainable utilisation of its natural resources is known as a Ramsar Site. As of December 2020, there are 42 recognised Ramsar Sites in India.
 
• The Ramsar Convention was signed on February 2, 1971; is one of the oldest inter-governmental accord signed by members countries to preserve the ecological character of their wetlands of international importance.

Name of Site: Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttarakhand)
Area: 4.44 km2
Description: It has become Uttarakhand's first Ramsar sites on October 22, 2020. The Asan Conservation Reserve is a 444-hectare stretch of the Asan River running down to its confluence with the Yamuna River in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. These habitats support 330 species of birds including the critically endangered red-headed vulture, white-rumped vulture and Baer's pochard.

Name of Site: Asthamudi Wetland (Kerala)
Area (km2) : 614
Description: It is a natural backwater in the Kollam district. River Kallada and Pallichal drains into it. It forms an estuary with Sea at Neendakara (a famous fishing harbour in Kerala). National Waterway 3 passes through it.

Name of Site: Beas Conservation Reserve (Punjab)
Area (km2) : 64
Description: It is a 185 km stretch of the Beas River. The stretch is dotted with islands, sand bars and braided channels. The Reserve hosts the only known population in India of the endangered Indus river dolphin.
In 2017, a programme was initiated to re-introduce the critically endangered Gharial.

Name of Site : Bhitarkanika Mangroves (Odisha)
Area (km2) : 650
Description: Bhitarkanika Mangroves, a part of Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary was designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. The core area of the sanctuary was declared Bhitarkanika National Park.
Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary is adjacent to the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. It is famous for its saltwater crocodiles and Olive ridley sea turtle.

Name of Site: Bhoj Wetlands (Madhya Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 32
Description: The Wetland consists of two lakes namely Bhojtal and the Lower Lake located in the city of Bhopal. It is a humanmade reservoir. The largest bird of India, the Sarus Crane is found here.

Name of Site: Chandertal Wetland (Himachal Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 0.49
Description: It is a high altitude lake.
It supports IUCN Red listed Snow Leopard.

Name of Site: Chilka Lake (Odisha)
Area (km2) : 1165
Description: in 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. It is a brackish water lagoon at the mouth of the Daya River. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India. Nalbana Bird Sanctuary is the core area of the Ramsar designated wetlands of Chilika Lake. The Irrawaddy dolphin (critically endangered) is the flagship species of Chilika Lake.

Name of Site : Deepor Beel (Assam)
Area (km2) : 40
Description: A permanent freshwater lake in a former channel of the Brahmaputra River.
It is a staging site on migratory flyways and some of the largest concentrations of aquatic birds in Assam can be seen, especially in winter.

Name of Site: East Kolkata Wetlands (West Bengal)
Area 
(km2) : 125
Description: It is a multiple-use wetland that serves the city of Kolkata. The wetland provides about 150 tons of fresh vegetables daily, as well as some 10500 tons of table fish per year.
The wetland forms an urban facility for treating the city's wastewater and utilising the treated water for pisciculture and agriculture.

Name of Site: Harike Lake (Punjab)
Area (km2) : 41
Description: It is a shallow water reservoir at the confluence of Beas and Sutlej rivers. It is an important site for breeding, wintering and staging birds, supporting over 200000 Anatidae (ducks, geese, swans, etc.) during migration.

Name of Site: Hokera Wetland (Jammu and Kashmir)
Area (km2) : 13.75
Description: It is a natural perennial wetland contiguous to the Jhelum basin. It is the only site with remaining reedbeds of Kashmir and a pathway of 68 waterfowl species like large egret, great crested grebe, little cormorant, common shelduck, tufted duck and endangered white-eyed pochard coming from Siberia, China, Central Asia, and northern Europe. Typical marshy vegetation complexes inhabit like Typha, Phragmites, Eleocharis, Trapa and Nymphoides species ranging from shallow water to open water aquatic flora.

Name of Site: Kabartal Wetland (Bihar)
Area (km2) : 26.2
Description: Five critically endangered species inhabit the site, including the red-headed, white-rumped vulture, Indian vulture, the sociable lapwing and Baer's pochard. It is also known as Kanwar Jheel. Kabartal in Bihar's Begusarai district has been recognised as a wetland of international importance the First such wetland in the state-under Ramsar Convention.

Name of Site: Kanjli Lake (Punjab)
Area (km2: 1.83
Description: The stream is considered to be the most significant in the state from the religious point of view, as it is associated with the first guru of the Sikhs, Shri Guru Nanak. The site is a centre for environmental tourism and picnicking.

Name of Site: Keoladeo Ghana NP (Rajasthan)
Area (km2) : 28.73
Description: A complex often artificial, seasonal lagoons, varying in size. Vegetation is a mosaic of scrub and open. grassland that provides habitat for breeding, wintering and staging migratory birds. The invasive growth of the grass Paspalum Distichum has changed the ecological character of large areas of the site, reducing its suitability for certain water bird species, notably the Siberian Crane.

Name of Site: Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve (Punjab)
Area (km2) : 34
Description: The Site is an example of wise use of a community-managed wetland, which provides food for people and supports local biodiversity. Threatened species present include the vulnerable common pochard (Aythya ferina) and the endangered spotted pond turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii).

Name of Site: Kolleru Lake (Andhra Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 901
Description: A natural Eutrophic lake situated between the river basins of the Godavari and the Krishna. It was previously a lagoon, but now it is several kilometres inland due to the coastline of emergence and delta formation. It provides habitat for a number of resident and migratory birds, including declining numbers of the vulnerable grey pelican.

Name of Site : Loktak Lake (Manipur)
Area (km2) : 266
Description: Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the North-eastern region of the country which is famous for the phumdis floating over it. Keibul Lamjao the only floating national park in the world floats over it.

Name of Site: Lonar Lake (Maharashtra)
Area (km2) : 4.27
Description: It is formed by a meteorite impact some 50000 years ago, onto the basalt bedrock. The lake, which is a notified National Geo-Heritage Monument has Saline Water with a pH of 10.5. There is no oxygen below one meter of the lake's water surface. Fauna includes the vulnerable Asian woolly neck and common pochard and the grey wolf.




Name of Site: Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary (Gujarat)
Area (km2) : 123
Description: A natural freshwater lake that is the largest natural wetland in the Thar Desert. The wetland is a lifeline for a satellite population of the endangered Indian Wild Ass. It is an important stopover site within the Central Asian Flyway, with globally threatened species such as the lapwing and marbled teal.

Name of Site: Nandur Madhameshwar (Maharashtra)
Area (km2) : 14
Description: The site is a mosaic of lakes, marshes and riparian forest on the Deccan Plateau. The site hosts some of India's most iconic species, such as the leopard and Indian sandalwood. It also provides sanctuary to critically endangered species including Deolali minnow, Indian vulture and white-rumped vulture.

Name of Site: Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary (Punjab)

Area (km2) : 1
Description: Located in the Shiwalik foothills of Punjab. It supports abundant flora and fauna including threatened species, such as the endangered Indian Pangolin and Egyptian Vulture. It occupies a human-made reservoir constructed as part of the Bhakra-Nangal Project in 1961. The site is of historic importance as the Indian and Chinese Prime Ministers formalised the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence there in 1954.
 
Name of Site: Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 2.24
Description: It provides sanctuary to the endangered Egyptian vulture and Pallas's fish eagle as well as the vulnerable lesser adjutant and woolly-necked stork. It was renamed Chandra Shekhar Azad Bird Sanctuary in 2015.

Name of Site: Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 7
Description: It is a permanent freshwater environment consisting of two Oxbow Lakes. The Sanctuary is a refuge for some of India's threatened vulture species: the critically endangered white-rumped vulture and Indian vulture.

Name of Site: Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)
Area (km2) : 385
Description: One of the last remnants of Dry Evergreen Forests. Habitat: Dry Evergreen Forests, Mangrove & Wetlands.

Name of Site: Pong Dam Lake (Himachal Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 240
Description: It is also known as Maharana Pratap Sagar.
It was constructed across the Beas River in 1975.

Name of Site: Renuka Wetland (Himachal Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 4.028
Description: The lake is home to at least 443 species of fauna, 103 species of birds namely crimson-breasted barbets, mynas, bulbuls etc and 19 species of fish representative of lake ecosystems like Puntius, Labeo, Rasbora and Channa. Prominent vegetation ranges from dry deciduous plants like Shorea robusta, Terminalia elliptica, Dalbergia sissoo to aquạtic plants.

Name of Site: Ropar Lake (Punjab)
Area (km2) : 13.65
Description: A human-made wetland of lake and river formed by the construction of a barrage for diversion of water from the Sutlej River.
The site is an important breeding place for the nationally protected smooth-coated otter, hog deer, sambar, several reptiles and the endangered Indian pangolin.

Name of Site : Rudrasagar Lake (Tripura)
Area (km2) : 2.4
Description: It is a reservoir fed by three perennial streams discharging to the river Gomati.
It is an ideal habitat for IUCN Red listed Three-striped Roof Turtle.

Name of Site: Saman Bird Sanctuary (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 5
Description: It is a seasonal oxbow lake on the Ganges floodplain.
Vulnerable species including the sarus crane and greater spotted eagle are found here.

Name of Site: Samaspur Bird Sanctuary (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 8
Description: It is a perennial lowland marsh typical of the Indo-Gangetic Plains.
The Sanctuary harbours threatened species such as the endangered Egyptian Vulture and Pallas's fish eagle.

Name of Site: Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan)

Area (km2) : 240
Description: The Sambhar Salt Lake is India's largest inland saltwater lake.
It is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos.

Name of Site: Sandi Bird Sanctuary (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 3.09
Description: The wetland is typical of the Indo-Gangetic plains.
It is home to over 1% of the South Asian populations of common teal, red-crested pochard and ferruginous duck, while the vulnerable sarus crane has a population of 200 individuals within the sanctuary.

Name of Site: Sarsai Nawar Jheel (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 2
Description: It is a permanent marsh. It is an example of co-habitation of humans and wildlife.
The site's name is derived from the large non-migratory Sarus Crane.
Other threatened species present include the critically endangered white-rumped vulture and endangered Woolly-necked stork.

Name of Site: Sasthamkotta Lake (Kerala)
Area (km2) : 3.73
Description: It is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, situated in Kollam district.
River Kallada had a unique replenishing system through a bar of paddy field.
The lake is now depleting due to the destruction of the replenishing mechanism.

Name of Site: Sunderbans Wetland (West Bengal)
Area (km2) : 4230
Description: Sunderbans Wetland is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world.
It is the largest Ramsar Site in India.
The Indian Sunderbans, covering the South-westernmost part of the delta, constitutes over 60% of the country's total mangrove forest area and includes 90% of Indian mangrove species.

Name of Site: Surinsar-Mansar Lakes (Jammu and Kashmir)
Area (km2) : 3.5
Description: The lake supports CITES and IUCN Red Listed Indian flap shell turtle and Indian softshell turtle. The site is socially and culturally very important with many temples around owing to its mythical origin from the Mahabharata Period.

Name of Site: Sur Sarovar (Uttar Pradesh)
Area (km2) : 4.31
Description: Threatened species include the vulnerable greater spotted eagle, sarus crane and wallago catfish, Sur Sarover is also known as Keetham Lake and it is a man-made reservoir.

Name of Site: Tso Kar Wetland Complex (Ladakh)
Area (km2) : 95.77
Description: It includes two connected lakes, the freshwater Startsapuk Tso and the larger hypersaline Tso Kar.
It is one of the most important breeding areas in India for the black-necked crane.

Name of Site: Tsomoriri Lake (Jammu and Kashmir)
Area (km2) : 120
Description: A freshwater to brackish lake lying at 4595m above sea level.
The site is said to represent the only breeding ground outside of China for one of the most endangered cranes, the Black-necked crane, and the only breeding ground for Bar-headed geese in India.
The Great Tibetan Sheep or Argali and Tibetan Wild Ass are endemic to the region.
With no outflow, evaporation in the arid steppe conditions causes varying levels of salinity.

Name of Site: Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) (Uttar Pradesh)

Area (km2) : 265.9
Description: The river provides habitat for IUCN Red listed Ganges River Dolphin, Gharial and Crocodile. Plant species include Dalbergia sissoo, Saraca indica, Eucalyptus globulus, Ficus benghalensis, Dendrocalamus strictus, Tectona grandis, Azadirachta indica and aquatic Eichhornia.

Name of Site: Vembanad Kol Wetland (Kerala)
Area (km2) : 1512.5
Description: Largest Lake of Kerala, spanning across Alappuzha, Kottayam, and Ernakulam districts.
It is the second-largest Ramsar Site in India after Sunderbans.
It is also the longest lake in India.
It is below a level and is famous for exotic fish varieties and Paddy fields that is below sea level.

Name of Site: Wular Lake (Jammu and Kashmir)
Area (km2) : 189
Description: It is the largest freshwater lake in India. The lake supports an important fishing industry and is a valuable source of water for irrigation and domestic use. The area is important for wintering, staging and breeding birds.

Name of Site: Thol (Gujarat)
Name of Site: Wadhawan (Gujarat)
Name of Site: Sultanpur (Haryana)
Name of Site: Bhindawas (Haryana)

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