Bhagat Singh Short Biography - History and Facts in 500 Words

Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in Lyallpur district of the Punjab. He is also known as “Shaheed Bhagat Singh” because of his influential revolution in India’s Independence Movements. He is from a Sikh family whose members were actively involved in India’s Independence movements and also some of them served Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s army.  

In 1919, at the age of 12, Bhagat Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, where just hours before thousands of unarmed people gathered at a public meeting were killed. At the age of 14, he was among the protestors of the killing of a large number of unarmed people at Gurudwara Nankana Sahib on 20th February 1921. Bhagat Singh never supported Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence.


Unlike other Sikh kids in the village who were attending Khalsa High School in Lahore, his parents didn’t allow him to join a school whose officials are loyal to British. Instead, he joined Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High school (now a day’s popularly known as DAV Public School), an Arya Samaji institute. In 1923, Bhagat Singh attended the National College in Lahore, along with studies he was also active in extra-curricular activities such as the dramatics society.


Merely at the age of 12, Bhagat Singh joined Young Revolutionary Movement. He devoted his whole life for noble cause that is freedom of our country. Once his family tried him to get married but he ran away from his house to escape from it.

In 1926, he founded the Indian nationalist youth organization ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’. He was also an important part of Hindustan Republican Association (also known as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association). Due to his active participation and influence on youth, British Police force got worried about it, and they arrested him on the charge of being involved in bombing that took place in Lahore previous year. He wrote many inspirational speeches in Urdu and Punjabi newspaper published from Amritsar. His writings were bringing agitation in youth and made them to be involved in freedom fighting.

At the End
To take the revenge of death of Lala Lajpat Rai he was involved in murder of British Police Official John Saunders and after that was able to successfully escape from there.

In 1929, together with Batukeshwar Dutt (one of the freedom fighter), they were able to threw two bombs and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly, while it was in session. This incident lead to their arrest, which was already planned by them to gain the public support and spread their cause of freedom; same did happen.  At this incident they gave the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’. They gained the widespread national support when Bhagat Singh underwent a 116-day fast in jail, and reason for that is demanding equal rights for British and Indian political prisoners. During his imprisonment, sufficient evidences were bought against him in Saunders case. Found guilty, he was hanged till death on 23rd March 1931, along with his other comrades – Rajguru and Sukhdev. He was only 23 years old at the time of his death.