20 Facts about Flag of India | Indian National Flag Facts

● The color of the top panel is saffron, middle panel is white and of bottom panel green.
● The middle panel at its centre bears the design of Ashoka Chakra in navy blue color with 24 equally spaced spokes.
● It was adopted during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of India.
● In India, the term "tricolor" (Tiranga in Hindi) almost always refers to the Indian national flag.
● The saffron is symbol of courage and sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation; white – truth, peace and purity; green – prosperity; and the Ashok Chakra represents the Laws of Dharma (righteousness).
● The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya.
● India was invaded by many but British rulers raised the idea of single flag after the rebellion of 1857, which resulted in the establishment of direct imperial rule.
● The first flag, whose design was based on western heraldic standards, were similar to the flags of Canada and Australia.
● The first stamp of independent India, released on 21 Nov 1947, meant for foreign correspondence had also the design of Indian national flag.
● Khadi or hand-spun cloth is the only material allowed to be used for the flag, and flying a flag of any other material is punishable by law with imprisonment up to three years, with a fine.
● Khadi for the National Flag was initially manufactured at Garag, a small village in the Dharwad district.
● The material is tested in BIS laboratories after it is woven. If approved, the material is returned to the factory for dying it into saffron, white and green color strips.
● The Ashoka Chakra is screen printed, stenciled or suitably embroidered onto each side of the white cloth.
● Before Ashoka chakra, a spinning wheel was introduced symbolizing Gandhi's goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.
● The flag must never touch the ground or water, or be used as a drapery in any form.
● The flag should not be placed upside down, dipped in anything, or hold any objects other than flower petals before unfurling.
● When the Indian flag is flown on Indian Territory along with other national flags, it should be the starting point of all flags.
● Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha is situated in Hubli, has got the only licensed flag production and supply unit in India
● The Indian Flag was hoisted on Mount Everest on May 29 1953, along with the Union Jack and the national flag of Nepal.
● The Indian Flag was first hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Kolkata.

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