[PDF] UP PGT Sociology Solved Question Paper 17 August 2021

UP PGT Sociology Question Paper 2021

UP PGT Sociology Question Paper 2021: Uttar Pradesh Secondary Education Service Selection Board (UPSESSB) had conducted the PGT exam on 17 August 2021. UPSESSB has been conducted the written exam UP PGT  in Sociology subjects. Here we are providing you a question paper PDF of the UP PGT exam for Sociology Subjects

Sociology Question and Answers
1. The concept ‘Generalised other’ was given by–
(A) S. Freud
(B) Cooley
(C) H. Blumer
(D) G. H. Mead ✔

2. The concept of ‘I’ and ‘Me’ with reference to socialization was used by–
(A) Freud
(B) Cooley
(C) Johnson
(D) Mead ✔

3. Who said “Marriage is more than regular sex relationships”?
(A) Briffault
(B) Sumner
(C) Westermarck ✔
(D) Manu

4. Social stratification is society’s–
(A) Occupation division
(B) Linguistic division
(C) Division according to social status ✔
(D) Regional division

5. Which of the following is not a Purushartha?
(A) Dharm
(B) Arth
(C) Kam
(D) Mrityu ✔

6. Who among the following sociologists has given the concept of structuration?
(A) A. Giddens ✔
(B) Levi Strauss
(C) T. Parsons
(D) Saussure

7. Who stated that “It is seen that Mukherjee’s thinking represents an unusual combination of Eastern and Western thought”?
(A) Baljeet Singh
(B) S. Chandra
(C) Charles Bougle
(D) E. S. Bogardus ✔

8. Who was the first Chairman of ‘Backward Class Commission’ in India?
(A) B. P. Mandal
(B) Kaka Kalelkar ✔
(C) R. N. Prasad
(D) Rajinder Sachar

9. Who said, “Sociology and Anthropology are twin sisters”?
(A) Barnes
(B) A. L. Kroeber ✔
(C) Hoebel
(D) Giddings

10. In which of the following is the first mention of Varn-Vyavastha found?
(A) Rigved ✔
(C) Yajurved
(B) Atharvaved
(D) Samved

11. “All social change takes place through the medium of ideas.” Who said?
(A) Maclver and Page
(B) Gillin and Gillin
(C) Ogburn and Nimkoff ✔
(D) Merrill and Eldridge

12. In which of the following social processes does a man or group fully internalise other’s culture?
(A) Accommodation
(B) Cooperation
(C) Assimilation ✔
(D) Socialization

13. Who gave the concept of direct and indirect cooperation?
(A) Green
(B) Weber
(C) MacIver ✔
(D) Johnson

14. The concept of ‘Sanskritization’ was given by whom?
(A) G. S. Ghurye
(B) M. N. Srinivas ✔
(C) Yogendra Singh
(D) A. R. Desai

15. Which pair is wrong in the following?
(A) K. Davis – Human Society
(B) Gillin and Gillin – Cultural Sociology
(C) K.M. Marriage – Hindu Marriage ✔
(D) MacIver and Page – Society

16. The author of the book ‘Hindu Social Organisation’ is–
(A) R. K. Mukherjee
(B) P. H. Prabhu ✔
(C) M. N. Srinivas
(D) K. M. Kapadia

17. Who is the author of the book “Peasant Struggle in India”?
(A) D. N. Majumdar
(B) D. N. Dhanagre
(C) Dipankar Gupta
(D) A. R. Desai ✔

18. In which of the Uttar Pradesh Universities was teaching of sociology first started?
(A) Allahabad University
(B) Benaras Hindu University
(C) Aligarh Muslim University
(D) Lucknow University ✔

19. Which one of the following is an example of community?
(A) A trade union
(B) Varna
(C) A political party
(D) Tribal group ✔

20. Who said, “The aims of Hindu Marriage are said to be ‘Dharma’, ‘Praja’, (Progeny) and ‘Rati’ (Pleasure)”?
(A) A. S. Altekar
(B) P. H. Prabhu
(C) K. M. Kapadia ✔
(D) M. N. Srinivas

21. Who among the following has correlated the rise of capitalism with the teachings of ‘Protestant Religion’?
(A) Karl Marx
(B) Herbert Spencer
(C) Max Weber ✔
(D) Emile Durkheim

22. Auguste Comte’s ‘Law of three stages’ is a form of which theory of social change?
(A) Linear
(B) Cyclical
(C) Functional ✔
(D) Conflict

23. Who among the following developed the twin concepts of Parochialisation and universalization?
(A) S. C. Dube
(B) G. S. Ghurye
(C) McKim Marriott ✔
(D) Andre Beteille

24. Joking relationship takes place between–
(A) Father and son
(B) Mother and daughter
(C) Father and daughter
(D) Brother-in-law and Sister-in-law ✔

25. Which one of the following fields is not included in the subject matter of sociology Durkheim?
(A) Social Morphology
(B) Social Physiology
(C) Social Heritage ✔
(D) General Sociology

26. Which of the following determines the composition of population?
(A) Birth and death rate
(B) Direction and migration
(C) Sex ratio
(D) All the above ✔

27. Who has distinguished between simple society and industrial society on the basis of ‘mechanical and organic solidarity’?
(A) T. Parsons
(B) Malinowski
(C) H. Spencer
(D) Emile Durkheim ✔

28. Hindu marriage by purchase is called–
(A) Pishach marriage
(B) Daiva marriage
(C) Asur marriage ✔
(D) Rakshas marriage

29. On the basis of empirical study of Australian tribes who developed the exchange theory?
(A) Sir James Frazer ✔
(B) B. Malinowski
(C) Peter M. Blau
(D) Marcel Mauss

30. Who has given the concept of ‘Sacred and Profane’?
(A) Spencer
(B) Weber
(C) Sorokin
(D) Durkheim ✔

31. The book ‘The City’ was written by–
(A) Max Weber ✔
(B) Karl Marx
(C) Durkheim
(D) Herbert Spencer

32. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II–
List-I (Concept)
(a) Theory of Class Struggle
(b) Law of Three Stages
(c) Looking-Glass Self Theory
(d) Theory of Circulation of Elites

List-II (Sociologist)
1. Cooley 2. Karl Marx
3. Comte 4. Pareto
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 2 3 1 4 ✔
(B) 2 1 4 3
(C) 2 4 3 1
(D) 1 3 4 2

33. Basic characteristic of a social group is–
(A) Physical proximity ✔
(B) Stratification
(C) Community
(D) Institution

34. Who classified Indian Agrarian class as “Malik, Kisan and Mazdoor”?
(A) Redfield
(B) Kroeber
(C) M. N. Srinivas
(D) Daniel Thorner ✔

35. Which of the following books was written by G. S. Ghurye?
(A) Caste in India
(B) Caste, Class and Occupation ✔
(C) History of Caste in India
(D) Origin and Growth of Caste in India

36. Who developed the concepts of ‘Atomistic family’ and ‘Domestic family’?
(A) Zimmerman ✔
(B) Charles Cooley
(C) P. H. Prabhu
(D) Robert Bierstedt

37. Who among the following is associated with the study of ‘Collective Representation’?
(A) Weber
(B) Durkheim ✔
(C) Comte
(D) Spencer

38. Who coined the term ‘Militant’ and ‘Industrial Society’?
(A) Durkheim
(B) Comte
(C) Herbert Spencer ✔
(D) Karl Marx

39. Who among the following has described the types of suicide?
(A) Durkheim
(B) Comte ✔
(C) Marx
(D) Weber

40. Levirate marriage is–
(A) Marriage with deceased husband’s brother ✔
(B) Marriage between cross cousins
(C) Marriage with the daughter of the sister
(D) Marriage with the brother’s daughter

41. Who among the following has given the concept of Westernization?
(A) Yogendra Singh
(B) T. K. Oommen
(C) M. N. Srinivas ✔
(D) McKim Marriot

42. Who has coined the term ‘little’ and ‘great tradition’?
(A) McKim Marriott
(B) G. S. Ghurye
(C) M. N. Srinivas
(D) Robert Redfield ✔

43. When an offender is released to live in family on the bond of good conduct instead of being sent to jail then this system is known as–
(A) Parole
(B) Probation ✔
(C) After care service
(D) Criminal reform

44. According to Murdock how many relatives come in tertiary kins?
(A) 150
(B) 152
(C) 151 ✔
(D) 155

45. Max Weber’s approach to the study of social stratification is–
(A) Two dimensional
(B) One dimensional
(C) Three dimensional ✔
(D) Four dimensional

46. Who suggested the following two types of family?
1. Family of orientation
2. Family of procreation?
(A) F. E. Merrill
(B) Ogburn and Nimkoff
(C) W. L. Warner ✔
(D) Gillin and Gillin

47. Who said “Modern society is a runaway society”?
(A) Stuart Hall
(B) Turgen Habermas
(C) George Ritzer
(D) Anthony Giddens ✔

48. From the following choose the book written by Radhakamal Mukherjee?
(A) The Evolution of Values
(B) The Social Structure of Values ✔
(C) New Knowledge of Human Values
(D) The Sociology of Values

49. Who is the founder of ‘formal school’ of sociology?
(A) Max Weber
(B) G. Simmel ✔
(C) Karl Marx
(D) Coser

50. Which of the following is known as dwij?
(A) Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya ✔
(B) Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra
(C) Brahman, Vaishya, Shudra
(D) Shudra, Kshatriya, Brahman

51. Whose name is associated with ‘White Collar Crime’?
(A) Sutherland ✔
(B) Lombroso
(C) Becaria
(D) Goddard

52. “Caste is a Closed Class”. Who is associated with this statement?
(A) G. S. Ghurye
(B) Ketkar
(C) Parsons
(D) Majumdar ✔

53. Who has given the functional theory of social stratification?
(A) Cooley
(B) K. Davis ✔
(C) Karl Marx
(D) Max Weber

54. Who among the following sociologists described three elements of community sentiment?
1. We feeling
2. Role feeling and
3. Dependency feeling
(A) Ogburn and Nimkoff
(B) Robert Bierstedt
(C) K. Davis
(D) MacIver and Page ✔

55. Who classified sociological theories into these five categories?
1. Positivistic organism
2. Conflict theory
3. Formal theory
4. Social behaviourism
5. Sociological functionalism
(A) R. K. Merton
(B) P. S. Cohen
(C) Don Martindale ✔
(D) H. R. Wagner

56. ‘The Dowry Prohibition Act’ was passed in which year?
(A) 1956
(B) 1961 ✔
(C) 1954
(D) 1957

57. Match List-I with List-II and select your answer using the codes given below–
(a) First Principles
(b) The Holy Family
(c) Division of Labour Society in
(d) The Theory of Social and Economic Organisation
1. Max Weber
2. Karl Marx
3. Spencer
4. Durkheim
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 3 1 2 4
(B) 3 2 4 1 ✔
(C) 3 4 2 1
(D) 1 2 3 4

58. Who classified culture as sensate, ideational and idealistic?
(A) Spencer
(B) Pareto
(C) Sorokin ✔
(D) Marx

59. Who produced the concepts of ‘Eufunction’ and ‘Disfunction’?
(A) T. Parsons
(B) B. Malinowski
(C) C. W. Mills
(D) Marian J. Levy ✔

60. Who has authored the book entitled ‘Invitation to Sociology’?
(A) C. W. Mills
(B) Kingsley Davis
(C) H. Spencer
(D) Peter L. Berger

61. Who is the author of ‘Modernization of Indian Tradition’?
(A) Yogendra Singh ✔
(B) M. N. Srinivas
(C) A. R. Desai
(D) G. S. Ghurye

62. Who said, “There is practically no science (except perhaps mathematics and formal Logic) which is independent and uncontaminated by data taken from other sciences”?
(A) Auguste Comte
(B) P. A. Sorokin ✔
(C) E. S. Bogardus
(D) E. Durkheim

63. “Sociology is about Social Relationships” Whose statement is this?
(A) MacIver and Page ✔
(B) Gillin and Gillin
(C) F. H. Giddings
(D) E. Durkheim

64. Who is the author of the book ‘Population Bomb’?
(A) Paul Ehrlich ✔
(B) Karl Marx
(C) Malthus
(D) D. Dumont

65. Which of the following forms of Hindu marriages, is not said to be Prashasta form of marriage?
(A) Brahma
(B) Daiva
(C) Gandharva ✔
(D) Arsha

66. “Association denotes membership, institution denotes a mode or means of service.” Who stated this?
(A) MacIver and Page ✔
(B) Ogburn and Nimkoff
(C) Robert Bierstedt
(D) Gillin and Gillin

67. In which book did Charles Cooley present the theory of social control?
(A) Human Nature and the Social Order ✔
(B) Folkways
(C) Social Control
(D) Sociology

68. Which of the following statements is correct with reference to social stratification?
(A) It is a universal feature ✔
(B) It is limited to a specific society
(C) It is a local feature
(D) It is limited to India only

69. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II–
List-I (Village studied)
(a) Sripuram
(b) Rampura
(c) Shamirpet
(d) Kishangarhi
List-II (Thinker)
1. S. C. Dubey
2. McKim Marriott
3. M. N. Srinivas
4. A. Beteille
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 4 3 2 1
(B) 1 4 2 3
(C) 4 3 1 2 ✔
(D) 4 1 3 2

70. Who stated that ‘Socius’ is a Latin word and ‘Logos’ is a Greek word and the name of our science (Sociology) is thus an illegitimate offspring of two languages”?
(A) MacIver and Page
(B) P. A. Sorokin
(C) Robert Bierstedt ✔
(D) K. Davis

71. Which one of the following is an example of institution?
(A) Caste
(B) Family
(C) Marriage
(D) All of the above ✔

72. The concept of social capillarity in studying population was used by–
(A) Malthus
(B) A. Dumont ✔
(C) Durkheim
(D) Karl Marx

73. “Community is the smallest territorial group that can embrace all aspects of social life.” The above definition of community is given by–
(A) Davis ✔
(B) Green
(C) Lumley
(D) Sutherland

74. Who has given the concept of ‘non-material culture’?
(A) Sorokin
(B) Max Weber
(C) Pareto
(D) Ogburn ✔

75. Which one of the following is not a feature of association?
(A) Collectivity of people
(B) Having certain objectives
(C) Voluntary membership
(D) Pursuing community sentiments ✔

76. In which of the following is membership voluntary?
(A) Society
(B) Association ✔
(C) Community
(D) Institution

77. ‘Non-cooperation’ movement was started by which one of the following?
(A) Mahatma Gandhi ✔
(B) Jawahar Lal Nehru
(C) Subhash Chandra Bose
(D) Acharya Vinoba Bhave

78. “Sociology is a social, a categorial, a pure, an abstract, a generalizing, both a rational and an empirical and a general science”. Who said?
(A) Robert Bierstedt ✔
(B) MacIver and Page
(C) K. Devis
(D) E. S. Bogardus

79. “When a class is somewhat strictly hereditary, we may call it caste”. Who gave this definition?
(A) Ketkar
(B) Green
(C) Lundberg
(D) Cooley ✔

80. Who authored the book ‘The Elementary Forms of Religious Life’?
(A) Durkheim ✔
(B) Spencer
(C) Tylor
(D) Max Muller

81. According to G. P. Murdock how many relatives come under the category of secondary kinship?
(A) 31
(B) 32
(C) 33 ✔
(D) 34

82. Who is the founding father of Sociology?
(A) Durkheim
(B) Marx
(C) Comte ✔
(D) Weber

83. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below–
(a) Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
(b) Cultural lag
(c) Suicide
(d) Theory of Circulation of Elites
1. F. Tonnies
2. Durkheim
3. Vilfredo Pareto
4. Ogburn
Codes :
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 3 4 2 1
(B) 1 2 3 4
(C) 1 4 2 3 ✔
(D) 1 3 4 2

84. Who said, “Socialization is learning that enables the learner to perform social roles”?
(A) Robert Bierstedt
(B) Ruth Bendict
(C) H. M. Johnson ✔
(D) Ralph Linton

85. Who founded ‘Brahmo Samaj’?
(A) Dayanand Saraswati
(B) Raja Ram Mohan Roy ✔
(C) Debendranath Tagore
(D) Keshub Chandra Sen

86. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in Comte’s law of three stage of human progress?
(A) Positivistic – Theological - Metaphysical
(B) Theological – Positivistic - Metaphysical
(C) Metaphysical – Theological - Positivistic
(D) Theological – Metaphysical - Positivistic ✔

87. Which among the following is not a primary kin?
(A) Mother
(B) Father
(C) Uncle ✔
(D) Brother

88. Which of the following is not included among the three types of karmas as given in Geeta?
(A) Satvik Karma
(B) Rajsik Karma
(C) Mansik Karma ✔
(D) Tamsik Karma

89. Which of the following is a formal agency of social control?
(A) Folkways
(B) Traditions
(C) State ✔
(D) Social Fear

90. Who among the following is known for ‘Classification of sciences’?
(A) Durkheim
(B) Weber
(C) Spencer
(D) Auguste Comte ✔

91. Who stated that “War is social disorganization in its most violent form”?
(A) Emile Durkheim
(B) Elliott and Merrill ✔
(C) Robert E. L. Faris
(D) Martin Neumeyer

92. Who gave the concept of ‘Power Elite’?
(A) Max Weber
(B) Karl Marx
(C) C. W. Mills ✔
(D) R. K. Merton

93. ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ Yojana was launched in India in–
(A) January 2015 ✔
(B) April 2015
(C) June 2015
(D) September 2015

94. The concept of ‘positivism’ was coined by which one of the following?
(A) Karl Marx
(B) C. H. Cooley
(C) Auguste Comte ✔
(D) Emile Durkheim

95. Who was propounder of ‘Class Struggle theory’?
(A) Max Weber
(B) Karl Marx ✔
(C) Emile Durkheim
(D) None of the above

96. Who is known to have written ‘An Essay on the Principle of Population’?
(A) Dumont
(B) Malthus ✔
(C) Fetter
(D) Sadler

97. ‘Population increases in a geometrical ratio. Subsistence increases in arithmetical ratio’. Who stated like this?
(A) Malthus ✔
(B) Freud
(C) K. Davis
(D) MacIver

98. Who produced the concept of ‘Symbolic Interactionalism’?
(A) L. A. Coser
(B) John Dewey
(C) G. H. Mead
(D) Herbert Blumer ✔

99. Who described four characteristics of urbanism?
1. Transiency
2. Superficiality
3. Anonymity
4. Individualism
(A) Louis Wirth ✔
(B) C. Marshall
(C) Aileen Ross
(D) Max Weber

100. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 forbids–
(A) Sapravar marriage
(B) Sagotra marriage
(C) Sapinda marriage ✔
(D) All of the above

101. Who among the following first used the term ‘Social control’?
(A) MacIver
(B) E. A. Ross ✔
(C) Lumley
(D) Sumner

102. In which of the Indian Universities was teaching of sociology was first started?
(A) Bombay ✔
(C) Mysore
(B) Osmania
(D) Lucknow

103. Who has propounded the ‘Theory of Evolution’ of society?
(A) Karl Marx
(B) Weber
(C) Durkheim
(D) Spencer ✔

104. Who classified social groups in four categories?
1. Statistical groups
2. Societal groups
3. Social groups
4. Associational groups
(A) K. Davis
(B) R. Bierstedt ✔
(C) H. M. Johnson
(D) MacIver and Page

105. “Sociology is regarded neither as a mistress not as a handmaid of social sciences, but as their sister.” Whose statement is this?
(A) A. L. Kroeber
(B) George Simpson
(C) Barnes and Becker ✔
(D) F. A. Hoebel

106. What is the basis of differentiation between an adult criminal and a delinquent?
(A) Big crime
(B) Misconduct
(C) Age ✔
(D) Arrest warrant

107. Who is the beginner of ‘Functionalistic perspective’ in sociology?
(A) R. K. Merton
(B) Emile Durkheim ✔
(C) Radcliffe Brown
(D) Max Weber

108. By which constitutional amendment were women given one third reservation in Panchayati Raj Institution?
(A) 70th Amendment
(B) 71st Amendment
(C) 72th Amendment
(D) 73rd Amendment ✔

109. Who has authored the book entitled ‘Kinship Organisation in India’?
(A) Iravati Karve ✔
(B) K. M. Kapadia
(C) Kolenda
(D) S. C. Dubey

110. Who among the following has classified human groups into ‘Primary’ and ‘Secondary’ groups?
(A) C. H. Cooley ✔
(B) G. H. Mead
(C) Ralf Dehrendorf
(D) Karl Marx

111. Who has developed the concept of ‘Ideal Type’ in the methodology of sociology?
(A) Auguste Comte
(B) Durkheim
(C) Weber ✔
(D) Spencer

112. Who among the following is not associated with formal school of sociology?
(A) G. Simmel
(B) L.T. Hobhouse ✔
(C) F. Tonnies
(D) Von Wiese

113. Which of the following is not an associative process?
(A) Cooperation
(B) Contravention ✔
(C) Assimilation
(D) Accommodation

114. Who introduced the term ‘Ethnocentrism’?
(A) A. Toynbee
(B) H. M. Johnson
(C) Cooley
(D) Sumner ✔

115. “Indian society ceased to be closed without being open”– Who said?
(A) R. K. Mukherjee
(B) D. P. Mukherjee ✔
(C) G. S. Ghurye
(D) M. N. Srinivas

116. When a Hindu male performs marriage with a woman of higher varna, then it is called–
(A) Pratiloma ✔
(B) Anuloma
(C) Levirate
(D) Sororate

117. Who carried out ‘Bhoodan and Gramdan movements’?
(A) Acharya Vinoba Bhave ✔
(B) Jai Prakash Narayan
(C) Mahatma Gandhi
(D) Acharya Narendra Deo

118. Who among the following Indian sociologists is known to have written on sociology of values?
(A) G. S. Ghurye
(B) Radhakamal Mukherjee ✔
(C) D. P. Mukherjee
(D) A. K. Saran

119. Published in 1877 the book ‘Principles of Sociology’ was the first full-scale systematic study of sociological analysis. Who wrote this book?
(A) August Comte
(B) E. Durkheim
(C) Max Weber
(D) Herbert Spencer ✔

120. Who is the author of the book “History of Human Marriage”?
(A) K. S. Singh
(B) I. Karve
(C) Westermarck ✔
(D) A. M. Shah

121. Who wrote the book ‘The Harijan Elite’?
(A) Sachchidananda Sinha ✔
(B) Andre Beteille
(C) C. Parvathamma
(D) T. N. Madan

122. Who said “Far from being necessarily dysfunctional, a certain degree of conflict is an essential element in group formation and persistence of group life”?
(A) P. S. Cohen
(B) Lewis A. Coser ✔
(C) Ralph Dahrendorf
(D) Jonathan Turner

123. Which of the following is the cause of poverty?
(A) Illiteracy
(B) Population growth
(C) Unemployment
(D) All of the above ✔

124. According to Yogendra Singh westernization involves which of the following sets of values?
(A) Humanitarianism and Liberalism
(B) Humanitarianism and Materialism
(C) Humanitarianism and Rationalism ✔
(D) Rationalism and Materialism

125. Who among the following gave the concept of anticipatory socialization?
(A) H. M. Johnson
(B) Parsons
(C) R. K. Merton ✔
(D) Cooley

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