Madhya Pradesh At a Glance - Important Points for Exams

Madhya Pradesh At a Glance

Madhya Pradesh At a Glance: Geographically, Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state of the country and it is spread over an area of about 9.38 percent of the total area of the country i.e. 307.56 lakh hectares. The state has got rich forest wealth, while about 25.21 percent of the gross geographical area is covered by forests.

Important points are given here for all the competitive exams of the Madhya Pradesh government. With the help of which you can easily get success in any examination. so let's know

Location : In the middle of the country.
Area : 3,08,245 km2
Population : 7,26,26,809 (2011 Census) in which 3,76,12,306 male and 3,50,14,503 female.
Geographical Location : 21°-6' North latitude to 26°-54' North latitude and 74° East Longitude to 82°-47' East Longitude.
Capital : Bhopal.
Formation : 1st November, 1956.
Present Shape : 31st October, 2000.
Nomenclature : Being situated in the middle of the country named Madhya Pradesh, also known as a ‘Heart State’.
Length of the State : From East to West 870 km, from North to South 605 km.
Rural Population : 5,25,57,404 (72·4%).
Urban Population : 2,00,69,405 (27·63%).
Scheduled Caste Population : 1,13,42,320(15·6%) (2011).
Scheduled Tribe Population : 1,53,16,784 (21·1%) (2011).
Sex Ratio : 931 (2011) persons per 1000.
Density of Population : 236 (2011) persons per km2.
State Language : Hindi.
Other Languages of the State : Urdu and other regional languages.
Boundaries : Uttar Pradesh in the North, Chhattisgarh in the East and North- East, Maharashtra in the South and Rajasthan and Gujarat in the East.
Literacy : 69·3% (2011 Census), Male–78·7%, Female–59·2%
Divisions : 10. Chambal, Gwalior, Bhopal, Ujjain, Indore, Sagar, Rewa, Jabalpur, Narmadapuram, Shahdol.
Districts : 52
No. of M.Ps. (Lok Sabha) : 29
Member of Upper House (Rajya Sabha) : 11
No. of M.L.A’s : 230
Important Cities : Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Ujjain
Important Railway Junctions : Bhopal, Jabalpur, Indore, Katni, Itarsi, Bina, Ratlam, Hoshangabad, Shahdol, Khandwa.
Aerodrome : Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Khajuraho. (There is no international aerodrome in State).

State tree : Banyan tree (Batt tree or Badh tree).
State bird : Paradise flycatcher
State animal : Antelope.
State Day : 1st November.
State High Court : Jabalpur (Indore and Gwalior bench).
Governor of the State : Anandi Ben Patel.
Chief Minister of the State : Shiv Raj Singh Chauhan
Smallest District : Harda
Samllest Divison : Narmadapuram
Biggest District : Indore
District with highest density : Bhopal and Indore
District with lowest density : Dindori
Smallest Tehsil : Ajaigarh
Smallest Division : Narmadapuram
The only hill station : Panchmadi
The only Hemp producing district : Khandwa
The only opium producing district : Mandsaur
The only district where Diamond is found : Panna
The only district where white tiger is found : Rewa
Largest circulated news paper : Nai-Dunia
First National Park : Kanha-Kisli (Mandla)
Biggest Railway junction : Itarsi
Largest Coal Reserve : Sohagpur
Longest Bridge : Mahanadi Bridge (Tawa River)
Near Hoshangabad : 1322-56 meters
First University : Dr. Hari Singh Gaur University Sagar
Biggest Mosque : Tazul Mosque (Bhopal)
First Medical College in Gwalior 1946 : Gajra-Raje Medical College
First Tribal Communication Research Centre : Jhabua
First State to Nationalize Forest : Madhya Pradesh

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