Maratha Empire Quiz Questions and Answers on Medieval History MCQs

Maratha Empire Quiz Questions and Answers - Shivaji was born at Shivneri to Shahji Bhonsle and Jija Bai. He inherited the Jagir of Poona from his father in 1637. After the death of his guardian Dadaji Kondadev, in 1647, assumed full charge of his jagir. Before that, at the age of 18 he conquered Torna and built forts at Raigarh & Pratapgarh (1645-47). Afzal Khan was deputed by the Adil Shah ruler to punish Shivaji, but the later murdered Afzal in 1659. Later Shaista Khan, governor of Deccan, was deputed by Aurangzeb to put down the rising power of Shivaji in 1660. Shivaji lost Poona and suffered several defeats till he made a bold attack on Shaista’s military camp and plundered Surat (1664) and later Ahmadnagar. Raja Jai Singh of Amber was then appointed by Aurangzeb to put down Shivaji (1665) and Jai Singh succeeded in besieging Shivaji in the fort of Purandhar.

1. ‘Chauth’ was :
  • (A) A religious tax imposed by Aurangzeb
  • (B) Toll tax imposed by Shivaji
  • (C) Irrigation tax charged by Akbar
  • (D) Land tax: levied by Shivaji on neighbouring States
2. Under the administration of Shivaji, “Peshwa” was referred to as :
  • (A) Minister of Religious Affairs
  • (B) Minister of Defence
  • (C) Chief Minister
  • (D) Minister of Justice
3. Bajirao I (1720-1740 AD) was the ruler of which dynasty?
  • (A) Nanda
  • (B) Peshwas
  • (C) Haryanka
  • (D) Maurya
4. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (1674-1680 AD) was the ruler of which dynasty?
  • (A) Nanda
  • (B) Haryanka
  • (C) Maurya
  • (D) Maratha
5. Where did Shivaji was Born?
  • (A) Shivaner
  • (B) Bijapur
  • (C) Pune
  • (D) Raighad
6. Who among the following was sent against Shivaji by the Bijapur Sultan?
  • (A) Afzal Khan
  • (B) Muhammad Shah
  • (C) Feroz Shah
  • (D) Jaising
7. After the death of Rajaram in 1700 A.D., Marathas continued the war against the Mughals under his brave wife :
  • (A) Tarabai
  • (B) Lakshmibai
  • (C) Ramabi
  • (D) Jijabai
8. Identify the European power from whom Shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition :
  • (A) The French
  • (B) The Portuguese
  • (C) The Dutch
  • (D) The English
9. The guerilla warfare was pioneered by :
  • (A) Aurangzeb
  • (B) Akbar
  • (C) Shivaji
  • (D) Balaji Rao
10. The most powerful Peshwa was :
  • (A) Balaji Baji Rao
  • (B) Baji Rao
  • (C) Madhava Rao
  • (D) Balaji Vishwanath
11. Baji Rao II (1796-1818 A.D.) Was the ruler of which dynasty?
  • (A) Nanda
  • (B) Haryanka
  • (C) Maurya
  • (D) Peshwas
12. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus station was designed by :
  • (A) Frederick William Stevens
  • (B) Santiago Calatrava
  • (C) Fazlur Rahman Khan
  • (D) Frei Otto
13. What was the title of Shivaji?
  • (A) Mahavira
  • (B) Rajadhiraja
  • (C) Chhatrapati
  • (D) Nayaka
14. Shivaji ceded the forts to the Mughals by the treaty of :
  • (A) Chittor
  • (B) Pune
  • (C) Purandar
  • (D) Torna
15. Which among the following was the capital of Shivaji?
  • (A) Poona
  • (B) Raigarh
  • (C) Singhgarh
  • (D) Panhala
16. How many times Shivaji plundered Surat?
  • (A) Four Times
  • (B) Once
  • (C) Thrice
  • (D) Twice
17. In which year, Shivaji was crowned as the Chhatrapati?
  • (A) 1608
  • (B) 1646
  • (C) 1674
  • (D) 1710
18. Chhatrapati Sambhaji (1680-1688 A.D.) was the ruler of which dynasty?
  • (A) Maratha
  • (B) Nanda
  • (C) Haryanka
  • (D) Maurya
19. When did Shivaji was born?
  • (A) 1632
  • (B) 1627
  • (C) 1678
  • (D) 1634
20. Who was sent by Aurangzeb against Shivaji?
  • (A) Ratan Sing
  • (B) Jai Sing
  • (C) Man Sing
  • (D) Arjun Sing

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