### Syllogism Test Reasoning Questions with Answers

Syllogism Questions with Answers MCQ of reasoning are very useful in Management (CAT, MAT), IBPS (PO and Clerk), SSC, SBI, LIC and other competitive exams.

Directions :
In each of the question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and decide which of the given conclusion(s) logically follow(s) from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
(a) if only conclusion I follows
(b) if only conclusion II follows
(c) if either I or II follows
(d) if neither I nor II follows
(e) if both I and II follow

1. Statements : 1. Some hats are caps.
2. Some caps are hats.
Conclusions : I. Some caps are hats.
II. Some mats are caps.

2. Statements : 1. All umbrellas are aeroplanes.
2. Some aeroplanes are birds.
Conclusions : I. Some umbrellas are birds.
II. Some birds are umbrellas.

3. Statements : 1. All pencils are pens.
2. No pen is book.
Conclusions : I. No pencil is a book.
II. Some pens are pencils.

4. Statements : 1. Roma is brilliant.
2. Roma is a woman.
Conclusions : I. Women are brilliant.
II. Roma is brilliant because she is a woman.

5. Statements : 1. All tigers are ships.
2. Some ships are cupboards.
Conclusions : I. Some tigers are cupboards.
II. Some cupboards are tigers.

6. Statements : 1. All books are pencils.
2. All pencils are pains.
Conclusions : I. Some pain are books.
II. No pin is a book.

7. Statements : 1. All plants are trees.
2. No tree is green.
Conclusions : I. Some plants are green.
II. Those plants which are not trees are green.

8. Statements : 1. Some cups are bottles.
2. All bottles are glasses.
Conclusions : I. Some cups are glasses.
II. Some glasses are bottles.

9. Statements : 1. All poets are readers.
Conclusions : I. No poet is wise.

10. Statements : All hill stations have a sunset point.
2. X is a sunset point.
Conclusions : I. X has a sunset point.
II. Places other than hill stations do not have sunset points.

11. Statements : 1. All begs are cakes.
2. All lamps are cakes.
Conclusions : I. Some lamps are bags.
II. No lamp is a bag.

12. Statements : 1. All scientists are researchers.
2. Some researchers are teachers.
Conclusions : I. No scientist is a teacher.
II. Some teachers are scientists.

13. Statements : 1. Most crops are machines.
2. Some machines are fools.
Conclusions : I. Some fools are machines.
II. Some crops are fools.

14. Statements : 1. All dogs are rats.
2. Some rats are lizards.
Conclusions : I. Some dogs are lizards.
II. Some lizard are dogs.

15. Statements : 1. Some children are adults.
Conclusions : I. Some children are not old.
II. Some adults are not old.

1. (e) Both the conclusions are immediate inferences drawn from Statements 1 and 2 and follow from the rule of conversion.
2. (d) Both the conclusions are mediate inferences. A + I = No result. Therefore, no conclusion can be drawn. Moreover, the pair of conclusion is not a complementary pair. Hence, none of the conclusion follows.
3. (e) A + E = E. Hence, conclusion “No pencil is a book” follows. Conclusion II is an immediate inference drawn from Statement 1.
4. (d) None of the conclusions follows.
5. (d) A + I = No result. Hence, on conclusion follows.
6. (a) A + A + A. Hence, conclusion I follows.
7. (d) A + E = E. Hence, none of the conclusions follows.
8. (e) Both the conclusions follow.
9. (a) A + E = E. Hence, Conclusion I follows.
10. (a) A + A = A, hence X has a sunset point.
11. (c) Conclusions make a complementary pair.
12. (d) A + I = No result.
13. (a) “Some machines are fools” — “Some fools are machines”.
14. (d) A + I = No result. Hence, none of the conclusions follows.
15. (d) “Some trees are houses” — “Some houses are trees”.