20 Facts about Slums in India | Indian Slum Facts

Indian Slum Facts
India is a big country name in the rush of being a developed country but then also there is a large number of people living below the poverty line. These people usually live in the areas connected to the city known as slums. Have a quick look at the picture of slums in India.

● According to the last census in 2011, the slum-dwelling population of India had risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 93.06 million in 2011.
● Even after offering many services and facilities, most of the people living in slum areas do not have electricity, water supply and cooking gas.
● After Mumbai, Delhi has the second largest slum population in India.
● Slum people are mostly unemployed or daily wage workers who cannot even afford basic necessities of life.
● 1 out every 5 person from the slums belongs to the Scheduled Caste (SC) community.
● However sex ratio of this community is far better than the communities living in the urban area.
● The literacy rate in these areas has risen up to a remarkable level that is 77%, but it is still less than the urban area.
● Slum areas get created when individuals or families move to the urban areas in order to fulfill their dreams or to find a better economy
● India is a third world country that suffers from poverty, malnutrition, diseases, and more.
● India alone is responsible for 25% of the deaths of children in the world.
● The slums offer many great risks for the poor children due to the unsanitary environment.
● Nearly 1.8 million people live in slum areas in the capital of India - New Delhi.
● According to UNICEF, “India alone, more than 1 million child lives could be saved with a few vitamins and some type of okay nutrition.
● The data of “notified” and “recognized” category of slums is provided by the official authorities.
● Identified is the last category but does not have legal status as a slum thus not have access to municipal services and legal protections.
● The identified category shows that it has the largest subset of slum population.
● Workforce rate is higher as to the urban areas; both male and female participate in any sort of employment.
● According to Government sources, the number of slum population has doubled in last two decades.
● Unsanitary water supply, waste, dirty rivers and pipelines along their sides, sewage lines invite a number of diseases in these areas.
● There are many volunteers and NGO’s who are working for them.

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