Indian Polity and Constitution Short Notes for All Exams


Indian Polity and Constitution Short Notes useful for all Competitive Exams–

1. 'Closure' in Parliamentary terminology means : – a rule of legislative procedure under which further details on a motion can be stopped
2. Who said "What is called Directive Principles is merely another name for the instrument of instructions" ? – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
3. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions is enshrined in : – Article 30
4. Which state passed first the Panchayati Raj Act after 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1992? – Kamataka
5. Who said that Indian Constitution is a 'bargaining federalism' ? – Morris Jones
6. In 1987, three new States of Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa came into being as : – The 23rd, 24th and 25th States of the Indian Union
7. Which is the Constitutional authority that has been made responsible for constituting the Finance Commission periodically? – The President of India
8. The Directive Principles of State Policy are also rights of an individual but are : – Non-Justifiable in nature
9. The Union Executive consists of : – The President, the Vice-President and the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister
10. In which state was first non-Congress government formed in Independent history of India ? – Kerala (by E.M.S. Namboodi-ripad in 1957)
11. The Parliamentary System as opted for by the Constitution of India is based on the principle of : – Cooperation and coordination between the legislative and executive organs
12. The Citizen Act 1955, prescribes three ways of losing citizenship acquired under the Act prior to it under the constitution viz. : – Renunciation, Termination and Deprivation
13. The Finance Commission is normally expected to be constituted after every : – Five Years
14. Article 48 (A) laying down the provisions to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wild life was added by : – The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act 1976
15. Janta Party Government brought and passed 44th Constitution Amendment Act inserting Article 300A which provides that right to property is a : – Legal right and not a fundamental right
16. The first Leader of Opposition recognized by the Lok Sabha was : –Y. B. Chavan
17. The chapter on Fundamental Duties covered by Article 51-A under Part IV-A was added by : – The 42nd Constitutional
18. The constitution provides prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour under : – Right against Exploitation (Article 23)
19. To whom does the Public Accounts Committee submit its report ? – The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
20. Which article of the Constitution says that Directive Principles of State Policy are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of state to apply these principles in making laws? – Article 37
21. The Constitution (93rd Amendment Act 2006 is related to : – Reservation of seats for SSs, STs and OBCs in Educational Institutions
22. The provision of 'Vote on Account' has been mentioned in : – Article 116
23. Amendment Act of 1976 Indian Constitution Envisages : – A Dual Polity (Centre and States)
24. The committee which was appointed to identify the creamy layer among the OBCs was : – Ram Nandan Committee (Which submitted its report in 1993)
25. That India is a Secular State is clearly proclaimed in : – The Preamble of the Constitution
26. The Judiciary was separated from the Executive in the public service by : – The Criminal Procedure Code (1973)
27. That the state shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them is enshrined in : – Article 15
28. Who was the first woman judge of Supreme Court? – Fatima Biwi
29. Under which Article is the right to freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion mentioned ? – Article 25
30. Article 17 abolishes : – Untouchabily

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