Raja Jambulochan was the founder of the city and city is names after him. Jammu was the capital of Jammu province and the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir princely state. Citation of Jammu is present in Mahabharata. History believes that Jammu was part of Harappan civilization. Dev dynasty ruled this area of nearly 984 years. During Dogra rule, many great temples and educational institutions were built and renovated old shrines and gave old glory to the city. Area witnessed change of control after the invasions of Mughals, Sikhs and British. Even after Independence city is the winter capital of the state.
Read : Srinagar – Information about Capital of Jammu and Kashmir (Summer)
Geography of Jammu
Jammu is located on the banks of Tawi River. City s built on series of ridges. Jammu is surrounded by Shivalik range to the north and east, Trikuta range on the North West. It has an average elevation of 327 meters from the sea level and spreads in 167 sq kms. It is the Winter Capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
Government and Administration of Jammu
Jammu Municipal Corporation takes care of the civic administration of the city. Jammu is winter capital city of Jammu and Kashmir state from November to April. City contributes one member to Indian Assembly. Jammu and Kashmir High court, which was established in 1928, shifts between Srinagar its summer capital and Jammu its winter capital.
Language and Culture of Jammu
Jammu’s Dogra culture and traditions are similar to Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. Dogras belongs to Aryan tribes who came to India long back and branched out into Brahmins and Rajputs. Dogras are known as brave people. Heren and Kud are Dongra’s dance styles. Gujjars basically inhabited from Gujarat and Rajasthan. Chibali and Sudhan are different sections of Muslims in the regions. Urdu is widely spoken in the city followed by Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Kashmiri and Gujari.
Educational Institutes in Jammu
Indian Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Management are approved to this region in 2014-2015 general budget of India. AV Institute of Nursing and Paramedical Sciences, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, New Modern Paramedical College, Government Medical College and Hospital, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine and Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry are the medical colleges in the city. Central University of Jammu, University of Jammu, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu and Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University are the Universities in the city. They are many degree colleges in the city offering different courses.
Transport Facilities in Jammu
Jammu airport is in middle of the city which is well connected domestically. In 1897, 43 km long railway line connecting Jammu with Sialkot was laid. After partition of India, it was abandoned and area has no rail service till 1971. Jammu Tawi located in city centre is well connected to all major cities in India. National Highways 1A and 1B passes through the city, which connects major cities.
Tourism in Jammu
Bahu Fort is situated 5 kms away from city centre on the left bank of Tawi River. Raja Bahulochan built this temple some 300 years ago and is the oldest fort in the city. Gauri Shankar Temple is lord Shiva's temple which is located in the heart of the Channi Himmat. Bagh-E-Bahu, a Mughal-aBagh, is located on the banks of Tawi River. Raghunath temple is situated at city centre and built in 1857. Construction was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh and completed by his son Ranbir Singh. Three sides of the inner wall of Temple are covered with gold sheet. Peer Kho cave is located on the bank of Tawi river and it is believed that Ramayana character Jamvant meditated in this cave.
Festivals Celebrated in Jammu
Sudh Mahadev shrine is celebrated on Sudhmahadev for 3 days, starting on the full moon night of ‘Sawan’ to worship the Trident (Trishul) and a mace. Jhiri mela is celebrated in Jhiri village which is 20 kms from Jammu to commemorate the martyrdom of Baba Jittoo. Apart from these, Lohri, Holi, Navratri, Baisakhi, Guru Ravi Das birthday are widely celebrated in the city.