History of Dehradun
Dehradun’s history is linked to Ramayana and Mahabharata. Dronacharya, the teacher of karuvas and Pandavas lived in Dehradun in Mahabharata era. Also, after the battle of Ramayana, Rama and his brother Laxmana visited this place. Earlier city was known as Sudhnagar and Kaalsi. Dehradun got its name from the eldest son seventh Sikh Guru Har Rai Ji. Dehradun was ruled by Mahmud Ghazni followed by Taimooralang, Ruahela Njibuddulo, Ghulam Qadir and Prithvi Narayan Shah. Uttarakhand was created from Uttar Pradesh in 2000, and Dehradun was made its capital.
Geography of Dehradun
Dehradun is situated on the Doon Valley on the foothills. It is surrounded by The Ganges and the Yamuna on the east and west of the city respectively. Dehradun is one of the highest rains receiving area in North India and it is the wettest capital in India. It has an average elevation of 436 meters from sea level.
Government and Administration of Dehradun
Dehradun Municipal Corporation also known as Nagar Nigam Dehradun takes care of civic administration. Special Area Development Authority (SADA), Mussoorie Dehradun Development Authority (MDDA), Jal Sansthan, and Jal Nigam are some urban entities in civic service and city governance.
Educational Institutes in Dehradun
Indian Military Academy is housed in Dehradun. Dehradun, is known as "City of Schools" and "School Capital of India”, some important schools in the city are Convent of Jesus and Mary, Woodstock School, The Doon School, Army Public School, Cambrian Hall, St. Thomas' College, SelaQui International School. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Petroleum, Law College Dehradun, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Survey of India, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing and Wildlife Institute of India Forest Research Institute, National Institute of Visually Handicapped are housed here.
Culture and Language Of Dehradun
Dehradun is one of the oldest cities in India, and hence it has high rich and culture. City has greatly influenced by Garhwali culture, which can be seen even today in day to day life. Dresses of Dehradun are very colorful, vibrant and atractive. Kulath Phanu, Bal Mithali, Gulgula, Singodi are some of the famous cuisine in the city. Rasau, Tandi, Thadya, Chaunfla are some of the folk dances. Garhwali and Hindi are widely spoken in the city followed by Punjabi, English, Nepali, Kumaoni and Tibetan.
Transport Facilities in Dehradun
Jolly Grant airport is Dehradun’s airport which is 25 kms away from the city. Uttarakand Road Transport Corporation takes responsibilities of bus transport in city as well as state. Dehradun railway station is well connected with the country.
Tourism in Dehradun
Dehradun is well connected with Nainital, Auli, Mussoorie, Haridwar and Rishikesh. The Doon ice Rink at Maharana Pratap Sports Complex is full sized ice arena in India. Tapkeshawar Temples is Shiva temple which is 6 kms from city. Sahastradhara, the caves here offers breathtaking sight where Baldi River falls from 9 meters high. Guru Dronacharya had done penance in Tapowan. Rajaji National Park spreads over 820 sq kms and houses various species of animals. Some of the important tourist places in city are Clock Tower, Malsi Deer Park, Asan Barrage, Robber’s cave; The Himalayan Foot Hills etc Paltan Bazaar and Rajpur Road are the main shopping areas.
Festivals Celebrated In Dehradun
Jhanda Fair is celebrated 5th day after Holi, in the sacred memory of Guru. Tapkeshwar Mela takes place in the city on Sivaratri day. Lakshman Siddha is one of the four Siddhpeeths around the city, in which fair is conducted every Sunday. Last Sunday of April has special significance. Bissu Fair exhibits the cultural heritage and culture of Jaunsari tribe. Saheed Veer Kesri Chandra Fair is held in the month of April in memory to freedom fighter Kesri Chandra. Mahasu Devta’s Fair is held in August, when Mahasu Devta is taken out in procession.