Indian National Movement Notes for IAS, UPSC, TNPSC Exams

Indian National Movement (1900-1947 A.D.)
1. Which was a revolutionary who later turned into a yogi and a philosopher? – Aurobindo Ghosh
2. In which year Delhi became the capital of India? – 1911
3. With reference to Indian Freedom Struggle, who was the lady representative of India at the Second Round Table Conference? – Sarojini Naidu
4. By whom was Swaraj as a national demand first made? – Dadabhai Naoroji
5. Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? – Lord Chelmsford
6. By whom was the Indian Independence League set up? – Ras Behari Bose
7. Which Urdu poets was invited, to the Second and Third Round Table Conference? – Muhammad Iqbal
8. Which first movement was launched against the British in India? – Swadeshi Movement
9. By whom was first women’s university in India was founded? – Dhondo Keshave Karve
10. Why was the capital of the British Indian Empire was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi? – Calcutta was the hotbed of revolutionaries
11. During which movement was ‘Mahatma’ added before Gandhiji’s name? – Champaran satyagraha
12. Which first Indian leader to undergo imprisonment in 1882? – C. Vijiaraghavachari
13. From which Union were M. C. Setalvad, B. N. Rao and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer distinguished? – Madras Labour Union
14. At which congress session did Dadabhai Naoroji announce that Swaraj was the goal of India’s political efforts? – 1906 Calcutta session
15. By whom was the slogan ‘Inquilab Zinda bad’ first raised? – Bhagat Singh
16. Who said “I therefore want freedom immediately, this very night, before dawn if it can be had”? – Mahatma Gandhi
17. Ancient Monuments Preservation Act was passed during which Viceroyality? – Curzon
18. What are the birth and death years of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar? – 1891, 1956
19. Who was elected as the President of All-India Khilafat Conference when it met at Delhi in 1919? – Mahatma Gandhi
20. Who was called by the British rulers as the leader of Indian unrest? – Bal Gangadhar Tilak
21. Which were the people who joined Mahatma Gandhi during the Champaran struggle? – Rajendra Prasad and Anugraha Narayan Sinha
22. In which year was the All-India Trade Union Congress formed in Bombay? – 1920
23. Who was involved in the Alipore Bomb case? – Aurobindo Ghosh
24. On whom was the title ‘Punjab Kesari’ was conferred? – Lala Lajpat Rai
25. Mahatma Gandhi’s first attempt at leading an All India struggle was his call for a Satyagraha against which act? – Rowlatt Act
26. In ‘March 1925, who was elected as the President of the Central Legislative Assembly? – Vithalbhai Patel
27. In which year did Mahatma Gandhi return to India, leaving South Africa for ever? – 1915
28. Who attended all the three Round Table Conferences? – B. R. Ambedkar
29. Who founded the Banaras Hindu University? – Madan Mohan Malviya
30. What was the most important feature of the Government of India Act of 1919? – Introduction of Dyarchy
31. The Champaran Satyagraha was started by Mahatma Gandhi in which year? – 1917
32. Where was the session of Muslim League held when the resolution demanding the creation of Pakistan was passed? – Lahore
33. Who was the first woman’ President of the Indian National Congress? – Annie Besant
34. Who was the founder of the Muslim League in India? – Nawab Salimulla
35. With which case was Ram Prasad Bismil was associated? – Kakori Conspiracy Case
36. The Chauri-Chaura incident’ (during Non-Cooperation Movement) relate which case? – the burning of a police post by a mob
37. The Cripps Mission visited India during the regime which governor? – Lord Linlithgow
38. Jallianwala Bagh massacre occurred on which date? – April 13, 1919
39. Who was the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress? – Sarojini Naidu
40. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who raised an army called Free Indian Legion? – Subhas Chandra Bose
41. If a God were to tolerate untouchability I would not recognise him as God at all”. By whom were these words spoken? – Gandhi.
42. Which revolutionary died after a 64-day fast In jail, demanding treatment not as criminals but as political prisoners? – Jatin Das
43. When Gandhiji was arrested during Salt Satyagraha who took his place as the leader of movement? – Jawaharlal Nehru
44. Where did the INA trials took place? – Red Fort, Delhi
45. In which movements Bande Mataram was adopted as a slogan for agitation? – Partition of Bengal in 1905
46. Who took the burning of the foreign clothes during the Non- Cooperation Movement as ‘insenate waste’ ? – Rabindra Nath Tagore
47. Who was founder of All India Harijan Sangha in 1932 ? – M. K. Gandhi
48. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, why was the Simon Commission appointed? – examine the working of the reforms of 1919
49. Who started the Bhoodan Movement? – Acharya Vinoba Bhave
50. On which date the Indians celebrated the independence Day for the first time? – January 26, 1930
51. Who rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in the Council of the Secretary of State for India? – G. K. Gokhale
52. Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India? – Jawaharlal Nehru
53. What was the main reason for the failure of the INA? – the collapse of Japanese forces in the war
54. Who were considered constitutionalist within the Indian National Congress? – Satyamurty and K. M. Munshi
55. Where did Moplah rebellion of 1921 take place? – Kerala
56. Who Gandhian follower was a teacher by profession? – J. B. Kriplani
57. In 1943, where did Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose proclaimed the formation of the Provisional Government of Independent India (Azad Hind)? – Singapore
58. Which was a journal brought out by Abul Kalam Azad ? – Al -Hilal
59. The song ‘Jana-gana-mana composed by Rabindranath Tagore, was first published in January 1912 under the title of which book? – Bharat Vidhata
60. In the Interim Government formed in the year 1946, who held the portfolio of Defence? – Baldev Singh
61. What did Gandhiji do to practise the ideals of truth and non-violence in 1916 ? – He founded Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad
62. In 1917, at Champaran, why did the government force farmers? – To undertake indigo cultivation
63. From where did Mahatma Gandhi start his historic Dandi March? – Sabarmati Ashram
64. Against whom did Gandhiji started Satyagraha movement in 1919 in protest? – enactment of Rowlatt Act
65. Who conceived the idea of Pakistan? – Chowdhary Rahmat Ali
66. Who was the Prime Minister of Britain at the time of India’s independence? – Clement Attlee
67. Where were all the three Round Table Conferences held? – London
68. From where did the Quit India Movement start? – Bombay on Aug. 8, 1942
69. By whom was the Civil Disobedience Movement led in the North-West Frontier Province? – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
70. During the freedom struggle, who established ‘The Deccan Educational Society’ ? – M. G. Ranade
71. Who said “My boy no, you are an Indian first and then a Muslim”? – Mohammad Ali Jinnah
72. Which event was characterised by Montague as ‘Preventive Murder’ ? – Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh
73. Who presided over the first session of the All India Kisan Sabha and which day is celebrated as the All India Kisan Day? – Swami Sahajananda and 1st September
74. On which date was Mahatma Gandhi assassinated? – January 30, 1948
75. During the Indian freedom struggle, who started. the weekly Yugantar in April 1906 ? – Barindra Kumar Ghosh and Bhupendranath Dutta
76. Who is the author of the book ‘Hindu way of Life’? – Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
77. Who appointed a National Planning Committee in 1938? – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
78. In which case were Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged for their role? – Lahore Conspiracy case
79. Which is the most significant contribution of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel to modern India? – His achievement of integration of princely states
80. Which revolutionary had participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement and was teacher in national school in Chittagong ? – Surya Sen
81. Who is the author of the concept of Antyodaya ? – Vinoba Bhave
82. Who was the leader of the Indian revolutionary activities in America? – Lala Hardayal
83. Paramdham Ashram was established by whom? – Acharya Vinoba Bhave
84. By whom was the clarion call ‘Dilli Chalo’ was given? – Subhash Chandra Bose
85. When Subhash Chandra Bose resigned as the President of INC, who was appointed in his place? – Rajendra Prasad
86. Which nationalist leader was involved in a libel suit against Sir Valentine Chirol, and left for England to fight his case in Sept, 1918 ? – B. G. Tilak
87. Who was the President of the Indian National Congress at the time of Indian Independence? – J. B. Kriplani
88. On which basis Montague-Chelmsford Report formed? – The Government of India Act, 1919
99. Under whose guidance was the Congress policy of pray and petition ultimately come to an end? – Lala Lajpat Rai
90. “Be proud that you are an Indian, proudly claim I am an ‘Indian, every Indian is my brother.” Who had said these words? – Vivekananda
91. What was the first venture of Gandhiji in all-India politics? – Rowlatt Satyagraha
92. During the reign of which Indian National Congress banned and over 1,20,000 persons were arrested? – Lord Willingdon
93. Who com merited that Cripps Mission was a postdated cheque on a crashing bank? – Mahatma Gandhi
94. Who was named as Mira Ben by Mahatma Gandhi? – Madeline Slade
95. Mahatma Gandhi gave the call ‘Do or Die’ during which movement? – Quit India Movement
96. A series of articles by Aurobindo Ghosh known as ‘Doctrine of-Passive Resistance’ are associated with which movements? – Swadeshi and Boycott movement
97. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in which year? – 1889
98. Who was the Chairman of Boundary Commission to define the boundaries of the dominions under the Indian Independence Act of 1947? – Cyril Radcliffe
99. Who was the President of Lahore session of INC at which the resolution of ‘Complete Independence’ was passed? – Jawaharlal Nehru
100. During the Indian Freedom struggle, who started a journal “The Indian Sociologist” ? – Shyamji Krishna Varma

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