Top 100 Indian Geography Questions with Answers


1. In which country is Barail range located? – India
2. Which State in India has the broadest continental shelf? – Gujarat
3. Which longitudes determines the Indian Standard Time? – 82.5°E
4. Which is the oldest mountain range in India? – Aravali
5. In which district is the highest point of Eastern Ghats located? – Visakhapatnam
6. Among the States of India, which one has the oldest rock formations in the country? – Karnataka
7. The Himalayas are formed of parallel fold ranges, which is the oldest range? – the Great Himalayas Range
8. Which country has the longest international boundary with India? – Bangladesh
9. India is the seventh largest country in the world and how much area does it cover approximately? – 3200000 sq. km
10. How much percent land area of India is covered by plains? – 43.3
11. Which state is with the largest area under waste land? – Jammu and Kashmir
12. Which is the highest peak in Andaman and Nicobar Islands? – Saddle Peak
13. At where do the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats meet? – Nilgiri Hills
14. Which Pairs is the highest peak of India? – Kanchanjungha
15. Which city lies to the western most longitudes? – Jaipur
16. Which is the capital of the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli? – Silvassa
17. Kanchipuram is in which state? – Tamil Nadu
18. ‘Syntaxial Bent’ is a feature of which range? – Himalayas
19. Which city will never get the vertical rays of the Sun? – Srinagar
20. Madhya Pradesh shares its border with how many states? – 5
21. Which region has the oldest rocks? – Aravallis
22. Which river emerges from Amarkantak plateau in Madhya Pradesh? – Narmada
23. Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, Badrinath and Mussorie lies in which state? – Uttrakhand

24. The Himalyas are approximately how many kilometer long? – 2500
25. The Himalyas are approximately how many kilometer broad? – 150 to 400
26. How many islands of India are located in the Bay of Bengal? – 204
27. The Himalayas consist of how many main parallel ranges from north to south. – Three
28. How much percentage land areas of India is covered by mountains? – 10.7
29. Driest areas of India which lie in Rajasthan have howmuch average annual rainfall? – Less than 1 cm
30. In terms of area, India is which largest country of the world? – Seventh
31. The Karakoram Highway connects which pair of countries? – China-Pakistan
32. What is the approximate length of the coast-line of India? – 6,000 km
33. Among the Union Territories of India, which one has the largest size? – Puducherry
34. The distance between the northern most point in Kashmir and Kanyakumari covers about how many latitudes? – 300 Latitude
35. Seacoast of which state is the longest? – Gujarat
36. Which range of Himalayas is know for hill stantions ? – Himachal
37. Which is east of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands? – Indonesia
38. What is the difference between IST and GMT? – 5 hours 30 minutes
39. In which island of India is an active volcano found ? – Barren Island
40. Kula, Kufri, Kajjair and Dalhousie are all tourists place of which state? – Himachal Pradesh
41. Which two river meet and form the largest delta in the world? – Ganga-Brahmaputra
42. Which correct sequence of places going from the east to the west of India? – Jorhat, Bhopal, Ahmedabad, Rajkot
43. Which is the wettest place in India? – Mawsynram
44. Which is area with annual rainfall less than 500 cm in a year? – Leh in Kashmir
45. How much average annual rainfall is experienced in the Rayilsema? – About below 60 cm
46. Which region has the highest variability of rainfall? – Gujarat
47. Which station has maximum annual range of temperature? – Delhi
48. Which are two coldertmenths in the northern part of India ? – December, January
49. Which is the State having the highest rainfall by North-East Monsoon? – Tamil Nadu
50. During winter North-western part of India gets rainfall from which side? – Western disturbances
51. Which winds prevail in India during cold weather season ? – North-East Trade winds
52. Which cause rainfall in the north-western parts of India during Winter Season? – Western disturbances
53. South west monsoon contributes to India’s total rainfall upto the extent of how many percentages? – 80-90 percent
54. In Thornthwaite’s scheme of classification of climate, what does ‘E’ indicate in the context of India? – Arid climate
55. Which region does not receive much rainfall in the south-west monsoon season? – Eastern Himalayas
56. Which state receives rainfall from north-east monsoons? – Tamil Nadu
57. Which is considered to cause an adverse of effect on Indian monsoon? – El-nino
58. Which region does not receives much rainfall in the south-west monsoon season? – Tamil Nadu coast
59. The annual variability of rainfall is over 50 percent in which state? – Western Rajasthan
60. Daily weather map showing isobars is an example of which map? – Chropleth map
61. Which place gets the least rainfall? – Jodhpur
62. In certain parts of Khasi and Jaintia hills, annual rainfall is about howmany c.m.? – 1000 cm
63. Which place receives fainfall less than 20 cms? – Jammu and Kashmir
64. The maximum rainfall area of India, i. e, Meghalaya has average annual rainfall of howmany c.m.? – 1050 cm
65. Certain regions of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh have rainy season in which months? – October-December
66. North-East monson causes rainfall in South-Eastern part of peninsular India during which states? – May-June
67. On the basis of rainfall patterns, India has been divided into how many number of rainfall regions? – 62
68. Amritsar and Shimla are almost on the same latitude, but why is their climate difference? – Due to the difference in their altitudes
69. Among regions of India, which one receives comparatively least amount of annual rainfall? – North-eastern Rajasthan
70. In which season in the frequency of tropical cyclenes in the Bay of Bengal Maximum? – Retreating mansoon
71. Why most parts of India remains dry during cold weather season? – Due to low pressure
72. The areas where monthly rainfall during October to December ranges 10 cm to 30 cm fall in which state? – Jammu and Kashmir
73. In which valley is the Himalayan pass Shipki La located? – Sutlej valley
74. Macmohan Line demarcates the boundary between which countries? – India and China
75. Which latitude passes through India? – Tropic of Cancer
76. Which river does not form any delta at its mouth? – Tapti and Narmada
77. Penganga, Wardha and Wainganga are the tributaries of which river? – Godavari
78. Which lake in India has the highest water salinity? – Sambhar
79. Which region has internal drainage? – Rajasthan
80. On which river is located Indo- Pak Bagalihar Project? – Chenab
81. Which waterfall in India has the most height? – Kunchikal Falls
82. In India, which state has the largest inland saline wetland? – Rajasthan
83. The Dul Hasti Power Station is based on which river? – Chenab
84. The Chilka Lake region lies in between the deltas of which rivers? – Mahanadi and Godavari
85. Whey are some of the rivers of peninsular India non perennial mainly? – Beacause rainfall is seasonal
86. Which lake has been formed due to tectonic activities? – Wular lake
87. The Damodar-Subarnarekha system is an example of which pattern? – Superimposed drainage pattern
88. If you want to visit sambhar lake, to which state you will go? – Rajasthan
89. When the top layer of the soil is removed over a large area by running water, what is it called? – Sheet erosion
90. Of the gross cropped area in India, the food grains occupy howmany percentages? – 60 to 70 percent
91. Which crop are grain with the on set of mansoon and are harvested in September-October? – Kharif
92. Which state leads in the production of maize? – Punjab
93. With which crop has Green Revolution been associated? – Wheat
94. Out of the total irrigated areas, the highest percentage of tank irrigated area lies in which state? – Bihar
95. Which is the state that is top in the cultivation of flowers? – Tamil Nadu
96. The small and marginal farmers will get irrigation facilities through which plan? – Ganga Kalyan Yojna
97. In India, what is the main limiting factor for cultivation? – Indequacy of water supply
98. Which state is the largest producer of black pepper in India? – Kerala
99. Jhum cultivation is a method of cultivation which is used to be practiced in which state? – Nagaland
100. Which is not an important plantation crop of India? – Grapes

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