Indian Geography Notes for UPSC, SSC, Bank, State Civil Services

1. What is the name of the highest summit of Nilgiri Hills? – Doda-betta
2. Which river flows between Vindhyan and Satpura ranges? – Narmada
3. Which city has the longest day in the month of June? – Kolkata
4. Which crop is grown in India mainly by dry farming? – Millet
5. Mahatma Gandhi Hydroelectric Project is on which river? – Sharavati
6. Which National Highways pass through Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Orissa? – NH 6
7. When will the Smith-tuttle comet crash with Earth? – In 2116 AD
8. What will be the shortest day in Australia? – June 21
9. Which is produced by the rapid ascent of moist air? – Hail
10. Which natural region is best known for the production of grapes? – Mediterranean
11. The removal of rock, layer by layer due to weathering what is called? – Exfoliation
12. The Dogger Bank, the main fishing area of Europe, where is this area? – North Sea
13. Which State has the largest coastline in India? – Gujarat
14. In which State is the Guru Shikhar Peak located? – Rajasthan
15. By what name is the Ganga known in Bangladesh ? – Padma
16. Forest policy of govt. aims to bring what percentage of total area, under forest? – 33%
17. Which crop requires continuous semiaquatic condition for cultivation? – Rice
18. Which state has the highest amount of Nickel Ore resources ? – Orissa
19. What is the position of Indian Railways network in the world? – Fourth
20. On which planet of the solar system does the sun rise in the west and set in the east? – Venus
21. What is the distance of the equator from either of the poles? – 10,002 km
22. Which Very strong and cold icy winds that blow in the Polar regions? – Blizzards
23. Which climate best suited for horticulture? – Mediterranean
24. The movement inside the Earth’s crust is studied by which science? – Seismology
25. Which Strait separates Asia from North America? – The Bering Strait
26. The northern part of the west coast is known by which name? – Konkan coast
27. Which new alluvial deposits found in the Gangetic plain? – khadar
28. Lake Sambhar is nearest to which city of Rajasthan? – Jaipur
29. In which season is the frequency of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal maximum? – After summer
30. Which State has the largest number of sugar mills? – Uttar Pradesh
31. Which does not have a unit of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) ? – Kolkata
32. Which State is least developed in rail routes? – Manipur
33. What is the outermost layer of Sun called? – Corona
34. If a place is located at 20°N, 80°E in which continents does it lie ? – Asia
35. Which layer of the atmosphere provides ideal conditions for flying of jet aeroplanes? – Stratosphere
36. The equatorial regions receive rainfall throughout the year. What is the annual rainfall? – 250 cms
37. Which geomorphic processes is associated with the work of glaciers? – Plucking
38. Which is the greatest known ocean depth (which lies in the Pacific Ocean)? – 11,033 m
39. Which group of people changes their house types according to seasons? – Kirghiz
40. The oldest inhabitants of India are considered by which name? – Negritoes
41. Which State in India has the broadest continental shelf? – Tamil Nadu
42. Which peninsular river is westward flowing? – Tapti
43. Why does north-western India receive substantial rainfall during winter months? – Westerly disturbances
44. Apart from Tamil Nadu, lignite is found in which state? – Gujarat
45. Which is the first National Park established in India? – Corbett National Park
46. Which planet is known as the ‘Watery Planet’ ? – Earth
47. What percentage of insolation is received by the earth’s surface? – 47%
48. Which Warm dry winds blowing down the east slopes of Rockies? – Chinook
49. Which vegetation is called natural cattle country ? – Downs
50. Which European country has over 200 volcanoes, many of them still active? – Iceland


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