Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Short Biography - 470 Words

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, was born on 14th November, 1889. He became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. One of the most prominent leaders of India, he took India to the heights of growth. He ruled the independent nation until he died. He is the crusader and architect of the nation, a sovereign, socialist, secure and democratic republic. He was a popular figure in Indian politics. Transition of India from monarch to republic was during his rule only. Under his direction and guidance and leadership, Congress as a party emerged and won all the elections in the all the consecutive years 1951, 1957 as well as in 1962. He handled all political troubles efficiently and even got succeeded. His birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day only for the reason that he loved children, he was fond of children.

Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad to Motilal Nehru and Swaruprani Thussu. He was the eldest of all his siblings. His childhood was protective, peaceful and sheltered. He grew up in a wealthy, rich and opulent environment. Even he had the privilege of living in Anand Bhawan, a large palatial state.

He was taught privately at home only by tutors and teachers, but as an interlude he went to Harrow School, England. He became interested in the subjects science and theosophy. He soon became a member of Theosophical Society at the age of thirteen. But his interest did not sustain longer and he left the society. He used to study Buddhist and Hindu scriptures and one day wrote a book ‘Discovery of India’. Afterwards, he went to Trinity College, Cambridge to attain a degree in natural science. The degree taught him political science, economics, history and literature.  These subjects improved his thinking and gave him a kind of mental stability. After completing the degree, he went to London to study law at Inns of Court School of Law. He stayed there for two years. During this time, he continued to study the scholars of the Fabian Society. He passed his bar attempts in first attempt and was admitted to the English bar.

Career and entering Politics
He joined politics and the fight for freedom of India in 1919 when Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh took place. He joined Indian National Congress and majorly assisted Mahatma Gandhi. He became active from the 1920 non-cooperation movement. In 1929, Nehru took the Presidency of Congress and declared ‘Purna Swaraj’. After India’s successful fight for freedom, in 1947, Nehru became the first Prime Minister of free India.

At the End
Jawaharlal Nehru took the responsibility of reforming India. He became actively involved in bringing and implementing Economic Policies, Agricultural Policies, Social Policies and Foreign Policies.
On 27th May, 1964, Jawaharlal Nehru died at his home, which is believed to be cause by severe heart attack.


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