Albert Einstein Short Biography - 420 Words

Albert Einstein was born on 14th March, 1879 at Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire. He was the famous figure of 20th century for his contributions to theoretical physics. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 is considered to be the world famous equation. In 1921, Albert Einstein received Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the law of ‘photoelectric effect’. This launched him to international superstardom and his name became a household word synonymous with genius all over the world.

Albert Einstein was born to Hermann Einstein who was a salesman and engineer, and mother Pauline Einstein. During his childhood days his father once showed him a pocket compass. This made Einstein realized that having apparent empty space around still there must be something causing the needle to move. Since then Einstein showed keen interest in mathematics and science.

Albert attended a Catholic elementary school from the age of five for three years. At the age of eight, he was transferred to the Luitpold Gymnasium (now known as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium), where he received advanced primary and secondary school education. In 1894, when family moved to Italy he attended the Argovian cantonal school (gymnasium) in Aarau, Switzerland to complete his secondary schooling.

Albert Einstein acquired Swiss citizenship in February 1901, and later he obtained a job in Bern at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property, the patent office. He was an assistant examiner who was responsible for the evaluation of patent applications for electromagnetic devices. In 1903, Einstein's position at the Swiss Patent Office became permanent, where he fully mastered machine technology.

During same time at Bern, Einstein along with his few known friends founded “The Olympia Academy". This academy was a place for carrying discussions on science and philosophy inviting the subject enthusiasts.

At the End
In 1933, Germany saw the rise of power of the Nazis under new chancellor, Adolf Hitler. Nazi government banned Jews from taking any official positions and announced killing of great scientists like Albert Einstein. Since then Einstein kept moving around the world. He lived as refugee before taking US citizenship in 1940.
On 17th April 1955, Albert Einstein died in Princeton because of internal bleeding. During Autopsy Thomas Harvey, the pathologist of Princeton Hospital, removed and preserved Einstein's brain in the hope that the neuroscience of the future would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent.


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