The country once having such a glorious past is not able to hold its own position in the modern era. The picture regarding the education system of India is not very good as only 10 % of the total population completes their graduation.Go through some of the facts about India’s current education scenario and the progress it has achieved.
● India has progressed as the primary education attendance rate and Literacy level has reached to approximately three-quarters of the population.
● India's improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India.
● Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions.
● AICTE reports that there are more than 3524 diploma and post-diploma offering institutions in the country with an annual intake capacity of over 1.2 million.
● The AICTE also reported 3495 degree-granting engineering colleges in India with an annual student intake capacity of over 1.76 million with actual enrollment crossing 1.2 million.
● According to the University Grants Commission (UGC) total enrollment in Science, Medicine, Agriculture and Engineering crossed 6.5 million in 2010.
● In the education system of India, some of the seats are reserved for the historically disadvantaged Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes.
● Andhra Pradesh had 83.33% reservation in 2012, which is the highest percentage of reservations in India.
● Earlier, students used to go in residential Gurukul where a guru (Saint) teaches them including social, religious and elementary knowledge. Meditation and Service was a part of their daily schedule.
● India's education system is divided into different levels such as pre-primary level, primary level, elementary education, secondary education, undergraduate level and postgraduate level.
● New Indian Express says that Indian Education system seems to be producing zombies since in most of the students seemed to be preparing for competitive exams rather than learning or playing.
● Takshasila was the earliest recorded centre of higher learning in India from at least 5th century BCE and it is debatable whether it could be regarded a university or not.
● The Nalanda University was the oldest university-system of education in the world in the modern sense of university. It started becoming global after Britishers came to India.
● The government started the Kendriya Vidyalaya project in 1965 to provide uniform education in institutions following the same syllabus, regardless of the location to which the student’ family has been transferred.
● Indian Institute of Science and University of Mumbai have been globally acclaimed for their standard of undergraduate education in engineering.
● The IITs enroll about 10,000 students annually and the alumni have contributed to both the growth of the private sector and the public sectors of India. However, India does not have a world class university.
● Three Indian universities were listed in the Times Higher Education list of the world's top 200 universities — Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management, and Jawaharlal Nehru University in 2005 and 2006.
● Women have a much lower literacy rate than men and that too with an imbalance. Kerala has a female literacy rate of 86 %; Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have around 55-60 %. Rural Rajasthan has only 12 %.
● A special Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) programme was started in 1974 with a focus on primary education but was converted into Inclusive Education at Secondary Stage.
● In India, education is controlled by both the Union Government and the State Governments with some responsibilities for each other.