Indian Slum FactsIndia is a big country name in the rush of being a developed country but then also there is large number of people living below the poverty line. These people usually live in the areas connected to the city known as slums. Have a quick look on the picture of slums in India.
● According to last census in 2011, the slum-dwelling population of India had risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 93.06 million in 2011.
● Even after offering many services and facilities, most of the people living in slum areas do not have electricity, water supply and cooking gas.
● After Mumbai, Delhi has the second largest slum Population in India.
● Slum people are mostly unemployed or daily wage workers who cannot even afford basic necessities of life.
● 1 out every 5 person from the slums belongs to the Schedule Caste (SC) community.
● However sex ratio of this community is far better than the communities living in the urban area.
● The literacy rate in these areas has risen up to a remarkable level that is 77%, but it is still less than the urban area.
● Slum areas gets created when individuals or families move to the urban areas in order to fulfill their dreams or to find a better economy
● India is a third world country that suffers from poverty, malnutrition, diseases, and more.
● India alone is responsible for 25% of the deaths of children among the world.
● The slums offer many great risks for the poor children due to the unsanitary environment.
● Nearly 1.8 million people lives in slum areas in capital of India - New Delhi.
● According to UNICEF, “India alone, more than 1 million child lives could be saved with a few vitamins and some type of okay nutrition.
● The data of “notified” and “recognized” category of slums is provided by the official authorities.
● Identified is the last category but does not have legal status as a slum thus not have access of municipal services and legal protections.
● Identified category shows that it has the largest sub set of slum population.
● Workforce rate is higher as to the urban areas; both male and female participate in any sort of employment.
● According to Government sources, the number of slum population has doubled in last two decades.
● Unsanitary water supply, waste, dirty rivers and pipelines along their sides, sewage lines invite number of disease in these areas.
● There are many volunteers and NGO’s who are working for them.