How to use prepositions correctly

Correct Usage of Prepositions

Incorrect :
He accused me for cheating him. Correct :
The prisoner was accused for murder. Correct :
My small sister is afraid for dogs. Correct :
She is afraid for being knocked down. Correct :
Note : Afraid of कहा जाता है किन्तु जब afraid के बाद infinitive to आता है, तब afraid के बाद किसी preposition का नहीं किया जाता। जैसे–
She was afraid to go near the barking dog.

Incorrect :
The father was angry at his son. Correct :
I was angry with what he said. Correct :
Note : We are angry with a person, but at something he does or says. Angry about something–
I am angry with you for not telling me.
What are you angry about ?

Incorrect :
I do not approve your action. Correct :
We did not approve for smoking in the office. Correct :
Note : Approve के साथ of  लगता है।

Incorrect :
We arrived to school late. Correct :
I arrived at here early. Correct :
Note : Arrive के बाद at का छोटी जगह के लिए तथा in बड़ी जगह के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है। किन्तु arrive के बाद अगर here, there, somewhere, anywhere या nowhere रहे तो arrive के बाद कोई preposition नहीं लगता।

Incorrect :
Has your father arrived at home yet ? Correct :
He is going to home. Correct :
She arrived her friend’s home. Correct :
Note : Home शब्द adverb है और उसके पहले preposition नहीं लगता, किन्तु जब home के पहले possessive adjective (my, your, his, her, their) या genitive (Tom’s, my friend’s) रहे तो home noun होता है और तब उसके पहले preposition लगता है।

Incorrect :
A modest man does not boast for his success. Correct :
A proud man boasts at his achievement. Correct :
Note : Boast of कहा जाता है। Boast about भी correct माना जाता है।

Incorrect :
She is very careful for her health.. Correct :
He is quite careless for the danger. Correct :
Note : Careful तथा careless के बाद of लगता है, किन्तु जब careful के बाद infinitive to आता है तब careful के बाद कोई preposition नहीं लगता। जैसे–
Be careful not to drive fast.
He was careful to see that door was locked up.

Incorrect :
The doctor will cure you from influenza. Correct :
He was cured for his cold. Correct :
What is the best cure of a cold ? Correct :
Note : To cure के बाद of लगता है, किन्तु जब cure (= a remedy) noun रहे तब उसके बाद for लगता है।

Incorrect :
Many people die from cancer. Correct :
He died from malaria. Correct :
He died of over-eating. Correct :
She died of the loss of blood. Correct :
Note : जब कोई किसी बीमारी (disease or illness) से मरता है तब die of कहते है, लेकिन जब वह किसी अन्य कारण कुछ दूसरा काम करने से मरता है तब die from कहा जाता है।

Incorrect :
This is different than the other. Correct :
My pen is different to that. Correct :
Note : Different के बाद from लगता है।

Incorrect :
How does this differ than the other ? Correct :
He differs from his brother on this issue. Correct :
Note : Differ with a person, from a thing. जैसे–
Nylon differs from silk.
My friend differs with me about this matter.

Incorrect :
She was dressed with black. Correct :
The lady was dressed with bright colours. Correct :
The box was full with papers. Correct :
The glass was filled of milk. Correct :
we were glad for a rest after our long journey. Correct :
Note : किन्तु glad के बाद अगर infinitive to आए तो उसके बाद कोई preposition नहीं लगता। जैसे–
We were glad to be home again.

Incorrect :
Your suggestions were very helpful to us. Correct :
She is very interested with my story. Correct :
We are proud for our new car. Correct :
Note : Helpful to, interested in तथा proud of को सही माना जाता है।


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