Correct Usa of Articles in English Grammar

Correct Usage of Articles
Incorrect :
I saw an U.S. plane yesterday. Correct :
It was an unique sight. Correct :
He is an European. Correct :
This is an useful book. Correct :
He is an university professor. Correct :
Note : U.S., unique, Euroean, useful तथा university/ य/ध्वनि से शुरू होते हैं जो consonant sound हैं। अत: इनके पहले a का प्रयोग होता है।

Incorrect :
My boots were in a good condition. Correct :
My books were in bad state. Correct :
Note : In good/bad condition को idiom माना जाता है तथा इसके साथ a नहीं लगाया जाता है। किन्तु in a good/bad state कहा जाता है।

Incorrect :
He is in a good health. Correct :
I have a homework to do. Correct :
The accused asked for a mercy. Correct :
I have received a news from abroad. Correct :
He gets a good pay. Correct :
We like to have a perfect safety. Correct :
I want a soap, please. Correct :
I like a comfortable travel. Correct :
It was a bad weather. Correct :
Teachers’ work is a useful work. Correct :
We write on a paper. Correct :
Note : Health, homework, mercy, news, pay, safety, soap, travel, weather, work, paper (कागज)– uncountable noun हैं, इनके पहले a नहीं लगाया जाता। किन्तु salary journey, climate तथा paper (= newspaper) countable nouns हैं, इनके पहले a लगता है।

Incorrect :
I must give answer to the question. Correct :
They got into boat. Correct :
Everybody needs holiday.  Correct :
I often ride horse. Correct :
I had lesson yesterday. Correct :
On such cold morning, I do not go out. Correct :
He wants to become politician. Correct :
I take rest for an hour. Correct :
Kolkata is a big city. Correct :
Note : Answer boat, holiday, horse, lesson, morning, politician, rest तथा city singular countable nouns हैं, इनके पहले a/an का प्रयोग किया जाता है। लेकिन by boat/car/train/bus/plane इत्यादि idiom हैं, इनके साथ a नहीं लगाया जाता।

Incorrect :
He took a habit of smoking. Correct :
It is very important in a life of a person. Correct :
I have a cat and a cat is black. Correct :
She hit him on a nose. Correct :
A sea was rough.. Correct :
Sky is blue. Correct :
Note : अगर किसी noun से definite वस्तु का बोध हो तो उसके पहले the लगाया जाता है।

Incorrect :
I play piano. Correct :
She likes harmonium. Correct :
He learns a guitar. Correct :
Note : Play, learn तथा like verbs के बाद अगर कोई musical instrument का नाम हो तो उस musical instrument के पहले the लगाया जाता है।

Incorrect :
It was not a best model. Correct :
This is a smallest TV set they make. Correct :
That is biggest gramophone we have. Correct :
Note : Superlative degree of adjective (= best, smallest, biggest आदि) के पहले the का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Incorrect :
A poor always suffer. Correct :
Rich are seldom happy. Correct :
An unemployed is losing hope. Correct :
He is collecting money for blind. Correct :
Note : कुछ adjectives हैं जिनके पहले सदा the का प्रयोग किया जाता है, उनमें कुछ मुख्य हैं–
the blind, the deaf, the sick, the mentally ill, the poor, the old, the dead, the rich, the unemployed, the handicapped.
इन शब्दों का plural meaning होता है, जैसे– the dead = the dead people या all dead people.

Incorrect :
All the mankind should be happy. Correct :
We enjoyed the beauty of the nature. Correct :
We have to learn to live in the society. Correct :
The man is mortal. Correct :
Note : Mankind, nature, society तथा man का प्रयोग general अर्थ में हुआ है, तथा इनके पहले article नहीं लगाया जाता।

Incorrect :
The most people like it. Correct :
The most of the people like it. Correct :
Note : अगर most या most of के ठीक बाद कोई noun आए तो most के पहले the नहीं लगाया जाता।


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